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HapticWalker — Haptic foot device for gait rehabilitation

  • Henning Schmidt
  • Jörg Krüger
  • Stefan Hesse

Abstract

The restoration of gait for patients with impairments of the central nervous system (CNS), like, e.g., stroke, spinal cord injury (SCI) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an integral part of rehabilitation. The rehabilitation of CNS impairments usually takes several months at minimum and its outcome often influences whether a patient can return home or to work. Particularly stroke is the leading cause for disability in all industrialised countries; the incidence is approximately one million patients in the European Union each year [1, 2]. Modern concepts of motor learning favour a task specific training, i.e., to relearn walking, the patient should ideally train all walking movements, needed in daily life, repetitively in a physically correct manner [3]. Conventional training methods based on this approach proved to be effective, e.g., treadmill training [4], but they require great physical effort from the physiotherapists to assist the patient — so does even more training of free walking guided by at least two physiotherapists.

Keywords

Traumatic Brain Injury Machine Design Robot Controller Robot Kinematic Gait Rehabilitation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selected readings

  1. Hesse S (2007) Lokomotionstherapie. Hippocampus VerlagGoogle Scholar
  2. Carr J, Shepherd R (2003) Stroke rehabilitation. Butterworth Heinemann.Google Scholar
  3. Winters JM, Crago PE (eds) (2000) Biomechanics and neural control of posture and movement. Springer VerlagGoogle Scholar
  4. Stanney KM (ed) (2002) Handbook of virtual environments. Lawrence Erlbaum AssociatesGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henning Schmidt
    • 1
  • Jörg Krüger
    • 1
  • Stefan Hesse
    • 2
  1. 1.Automation Technology Division, Rehabilitation Robotics GroupFraunhofer Institute for Production Systems and Design Technology (IPK)BerlinGermany
  2. 2.Department of NeurologicalCharité University Hospital/Klinik BerlinBerlinGermany

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