Principles of haptic perception in virtual environments

  • Gabriel Robles-De-La-Torre


During haptic interaction with everyday environments, haptic perception relies on sensory signals arising from mechanical signals such as contact forces, torques, movement of objects and limbs, mass or weight of objects, stiffness of materials, geometry of objects, etc. (Fig. 1a). In contrast, haptic perception in Virtual Environments (VEs) relies on sensory signals arising from computer-controlled mechanical signals produced by haptic interfaces (see Fig. 1b, the online animation [1] under Selected Readings and Websites, and [1, 2]). Haptic interfaces are programmable systems, which can reproduce mechanical signals that are normally experienced when haptically exploring real, everyday environments. Perhaps more importantly, haptic interfaces can create combinations of mechanical signals that do not have counterparts in real environments. This allows creating haptic VEs in which entirely new haptic sensory experiences are possible.


Contact Force Virtual Environment Lateral Force Real Object Virtual Object 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected readings and Websites

  1. Animated explanation of haptic technology essentials. 3 April 2007. Scholar
  2. Haptics-L: the Electronic Mailling List for the International Haptics Community. 3 April 2007. Scholar
  3. International Society for Haptics. 3 April 2007. http://www.isfh.orgGoogle Scholar
  4. Flanagan JR, Lederman SL (2001) Neurobiology: Feeling bumps and holes. Nature 412: 389–391PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Henriques DYP, Soechting JF (2005) Approaches to the study of haptic sensing. J Neurophysiol 93: 3036–3043PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Wexler M, van Boxtel JJA (2005) Depth perception by the active observer. Trends Cogn Sci 9: 431–438PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gabriel Robles-De-La-Torre
    • 1
  1. 1.International Society for HapticsMDM CoyoacánMéxicoMéxico

Personalised recommendations