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Focal dystonia: diagnostic, therapy, rehabilitation

  • Eckart O. Altenmüller
  • Hans-Christian Jabusch

Abstract

The general term dystonia is used to describe a syndrome characterised by involuntary sustained muscle contractions, frequently causing twisting and repetitive movements, or abnormal postures [1, 2]. If these symptoms are restricted to one body part, the syndrome is termed ‘focal dystonia’. In task specific focal dystonia the most prominent characteristic is the degradation and loss of voluntary control of highly overlearned complex and skilled movement patterns in a specific sensory-motor task.

Keywords

Botulinum Toxin Essential Tremor Cervical Dystonia Focal Dystonia Dystonic Movement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selected readings

  1. Altenmüller E (2006) The end of the song: Robert Schumann’s focal dystonia. In: E Altenmüller, J. Kesselring, M. Wiesendanger (eds): Music, motor control and the brain. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  2. Byl NN, Priori A (2006) The development of focal dystonia in musicians as a consequence of maladaptive plasticity: implications for intervention. In: E Altenmüller, J. Kesselring, M. Wiesendanger (eds): Music, motor control and the brain. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. Jabusch HC, Altenmüller E (2006) Epidemiology, phenomenology and therapy of musician’s cramp. In: E Altenmüller, J Kesselring, M Wiesendanger (eds): Music, motor control and the brain. Oxford University Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  4. Jankovic J (ed) (2005) Dystonia. Seminars in Clinical Neurology, Vol 3. Demos Medical Publishing LLC, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Topka H, Jankovic J, Dichgans J (2002) Dyskinesias. In: T Brandt, L Caplan, J Dichgans, HC Diener, C Kennard (eds): Neurological disorders: course and treatment. Academic Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eckart O. Altenmüller
    • 1
  • Hans-Christian Jabusch
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Music Physiology and Musicians’ MedicineUniversity for Music and Drama, HannoverHannoverGermany

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