Poxviruses pp 253-271 | Cite as

Subfamily Entomopoxvirinae

  • Marie N. Becker
  • Richard W. Moyer
Part of the Birkhäuser Advances in Infectious Diseases book series (BAID)


The subfamily Entomopoxvirinae is a related but distinct member of the family Poxviridae. These viruses share many biological features of the poxviruses of chordates, but instead infect the larvae of a number of insect families. The three genera that comprise the entomopoxviruses are the genus Alphaentomopoxvirus, infecting beetles; genus Betaentomopoxvirus, infecting butterflies, moths, grasshoppers, and locusts, and the genus Gammaentomopoxvirus infecting flies and mosquitoes. The entomopoxviruses, like their vertebrate counterparts, have a double-stranded linear DNA genome that is transcribed in a temporal fashion. Entomopoxviruses are occluded in a paracrystalline protein matrix, forming spheroids that protect the virus from environmental conditions. A number of genes are conserved between the entomopoxviruses and chordopoxviruses defining a minimal complement of poxvirus genes. The entomopoxviruses have some unique molecular features. This review covers pathogenesis, transcription, and molecular analysis of the entomopoxviruses.


Peritrophic Membrane Thymidine Kinase Gene Myxoma Virus Cowpox Virus Invertebr Pathol 
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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel/Switzerland 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie N. Becker
    • 1
  • Richard W. Moyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Genetics and Microbiology, College of MedicineUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

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