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Carotenoids pp 301-334 | Cite as

The Eye

  • Wolfgang Schalch
  • John T. Landrum
  • Richard A. Bone
Part of the Carotenoids book series (CAROT, volume 5)

Abstract

The retina of the human and primate eye, especially the macula, the circular 5-6 mm diameter central part, is a target organ for the deposition of carotenoids. This macula lutea (yellow spot) has the highest local concentration of carotenoids in the human body. Although the macula lutea was well known by the late 18th century, it was considered by many to be a post-mortem artefact. It was not accepted to be an anatomical feature in vivo until the invention of the ophthalmoscope, when researchers were able to observe the yellow to orange colour of the macula in the living eye by using appropriate, red-free, illumination. A comprehensive article [1] reviews the evolution of ideas in relation to the macular pigment over a period of 200 years. In 1945, the macular yellow pigment was broadly characterized by absorption spectroscopy as being “in all probability lutein or leaf xanthophyll” [2].

Keywords

Retinal Pigment Epithelium Contrast Sensitivity Macular Pigment Macular Pigment Optical Density Macular Pigment Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wolfgang Schalch
    • 1
  • John T. Landrum
    • 2
  • Richard A. Bone
    • 3
  1. 1.DSM Nutritional Products Ltd.KaiseraugstSwitzerland
  2. 2.Department of Chemistry and BiochemistryFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsFlorida International UniversityMiamiUSA

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