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Carotenoids pp 235-268 | Cite as

Antioxidant/Pro-oxidant Actions of Carotenoids

  • Kyung-Jin Yeum
  • Giancarlo Aldini
  • Robert M. Russell
  • Norman I. Krinsky
Part of the Carotenoids book series (CAROT, volume 5)

Abstract

In recent years numerous reviews have discussed in detail the antioxidant action of carotenoids [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]. The existence of an antioxidant effect has been questioned by some, however [6]. In addition, there is the complication that, under some circumstances, carotenoids exhibit a pro-oxidant effect [7,8], although some authors do not believe that this occurs in vivo [9]. The fundamental chemistry of carotenoid radicals and radical ions, as a basis for understanding mechanisms of antioxidant/pro-oxidant actions, is presented in Volume 4, Chapter 7.

Keywords

Lipid Peroxidation Comet Assay Total Antioxidant Capacity Peroxyl Radical Macular Pigment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyung-Jin Yeum
    • 1
  • Giancarlo Aldini
    • 2
  • Robert M. Russell
    • 3
  • Norman I. Krinsky
    • 4
  1. 1.Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on AgingTufts UniversityBostonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  3. 3.National Institutes of HealthWashington DCUSA
  4. 4.Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging Department of BiochemistryTufts UniversityBostonUSA

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