Carotenoids pp 37-52 | Cite as

Three-dimensional Structures of Carotenoids by X-ray Crystallography

  • Madeleine Helliwell
Part of the Carotenoids book series (CAROT, volume 4)


The number of crystal structures of carotenoid molecules and carotenoid derivatives deposited in the Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre [1] is still relatively small, but has increased compared with the previous survey [2]. The list is summarized in Table 1.


Torsion Angle Cambridge Crystallographic Data Centre Packing Arrangement Polyene Chain Steric Crowding 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag Basel 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Madeleine Helliwell
    • 1
  1. 1.School of ChemistryUniversity of ManchesterManchesterUK

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