This chapter deals with the application of the statistics of extremes in the environmental sciences. Related chapters include those dealing with flood frequency analysis in hydrology (Chapter 14) and large claims in the insurance industry (Chapter 16). Consideration of extreme events commonly arises in the regulatory process related to the environment, particularly the selection of thresholds which aid in determining compliance and effectiveness. Statistical characteristics typical of environmental extremes include annual and diurnal cycles, as well as trends possibly attributable to anthropogenic activities.
KeywordsAnnual Cycle Return Period Daily Precipitation Location Parameter Sine Wave
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- 2.Smith, R.L. (2001). Extreme value statistics in meteorology and the environment. In Environmental Statistics, Chapter 8, 300–357 (NSF-CBMS conference notes). Available at www.unc.edu/depts/statistics/postscript/rs/envnotes.pdf.Google Scholar