## Abstract

An axiomatic approach is proposed which allows to derive the effects of synchrotron radiation, time dilatation, length contraction and mass variation exclusively from fundamental properties of photons. The light deflection and time dilatation effects in a gravitational field can be deduced from these properties as well. A dynamic instead of a kinematic approach is regarded as necessary, since from all relevant experiments it follows that the elapsed time of an atomic clock depends on its momentary preferred velocity **w**(*t*) in a respective test frame *∑*, and not on arbitrary relative velocities **v**(*t*). From all points of view only ordered, nonforminvariant relations of finite time intervals between inertially or arbitrarily moving reference frames are measured, particularly between all clocks moving at absolute velocities **u**(*t*_{0}) in the universal standard rest frame *∑*_{0} which can be defined by the frame where the dipole anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation vanishes. From all experiments which confirm the time dilatation effect it thus follows that it is impossible to measure forminvariant and hence symmetric Lorentz relations of finite time intervals between any two clocks in arbitrary relative motion at velocity *υ*(*t*), or in preferred motion at *w(t)*. Hence the inverse velocities -*υ(t)* or -*w(t)* are physically never equivalent to *υ(t)* or *w(t)*, and the indisputable requirement of Lorentz symmetry or Lorentz covariance between any two reference frames is violated in principle. Thus there do not exist any reference frames in relative motion which are equivalent for the formulation of physical laws, and space is not isotropic regarding velocities. The forward confinement of the synchrotron radiation is the most visible “relativistic” effect, and clearly exhibits the ballistic behavior of photons after emission. This dynamic phenomenon is likely due to two fundamental properties of photons:

It is postulated that each photon motion in the preferred space *∑*_{0} of the isotropic microwave background radiation has an inertial component **u**(*t*_{0}) which depends on the momentary absolute velocity **u**(*t*_{0}) of the source while the photon is emitted. Together with the constant magnitude of **c** in *∑*_{0} the synchrotron, time dilatation, and length contraction effects follow. The rate of an atomic clock is seen as an effective property of the clock and a function of the magnitude of its absolute velocity **u**(*t*_{0}) in *∑*_{0}, that is inconsistent with the notion of local Lorentz invariance of time. On the other hand, local Lorentz invariance seems to be confirmed by the null results of recent experiments which search for anisotropy effects in the fundamental frame *∑*_{0}. These inconsistencies are investigated, and in conclusion the new axiomatic approach is introduced which permits the derivation of dynamic effects in accordance with the observed nonforminvariant (asymmetric) relations, and makes the effects physically completely intelligible. It also explains why the eigentime of a clock, the eigenlength of a rod and the eigenmass of a body are measured as invariant but actually vary as a function of *u*, and why the current experiments do not detect this well concealed change. Finally a crucial experiment is proposed. The equation for the angular distribution of the forward radiation of photons in synchrotrons which formula follows from the new postulates deviates from the relativistic formula by a significant amount, and this difference should be measurable.

## Keywords

Synchrotron Radiation Fundamental Property Finite Time Interval Absolute Velocity Lorentz Symmetry## Preview

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