Nuclear Reactions of Astrophysical Interest Involving Light Nuclei

  • H. Oberhummer
  • W. Balogh
  • V. D. Efros
  • H. Herndl
  • R. Hofinger
Part of the Few-Body Systems book series (FEWBODY, volume 8)


An introduction to nucleosynthesis, the creation of the elements in the big bang, in interstellar matter and in stars is given. The two-step process 4He(2n,γ)6He and the reverse photodisintegration 6He(γ,2n)4He involving the halo nucleus 6He could be of importance in the α-process in type-II supernovae. The reaction rates for the above processes are calculated using three-body methods and show an enhancement of more than three orders of magnitude compared to the previous adopted value. Direct-capture calculations give similar values for the above reaction rates. Therefore, this method was also used to calculate the reaction rates of the two-step processes 6He(2n,γ)8He and 9Li(2n,γ)11Li and the reverse photodisintegration of 8He and 11Li that could be also of importance in the α-process.


Halo Nucleus Spectroscopic Factor Burning Phase Interstellar Matter Helium Burning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C.E. Rolfs, W. Rodney: Cauldrons in the Cosmos. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 1988Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S.E. Woosley, R.D. Hofmann: Astrophys. J. 395, 202 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    B.S. Meyer et al.: Astrophys. J. 399, 656 (1992)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    W.M. Howard et al.: Astrophys. J. 417, 713 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S.E. Woosely et al.: Astrophys. J. 433, 229 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Witti, H.-Th. Janka and K. Takahashi: Astron. and Astrophys. 286, 841 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    K.L. Kratz et al.: Astrophys. J. 403, 216 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. Takahashi, J. Witti and H.-Th. Janka: Astron. and Astrophys. 286, 857 (1994)ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.L. Friar et al.: Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1827 (1991)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L.D. Blokhintsev et al.: Phys. Rev. C 48, 2390 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    V.I. Kukulin et al.: Nucl. Phys. A 417, 128 (1984); 453, 365 (1986)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    V.D. Efros et al.: Phys. Lett. B (submitted)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    K. Nomoto, F.-K. Thielemann, S. Hiyaji: Astron. and Astrophys. 149, 239 (1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.M. Kobos et al.: Nucl. Phys. A 425, 205 (1984)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. Oberhummer, G. Staudt: In: H. Oberhummer, (ed.): Nuclei in the Cosmos, p.29. Heidelberg: Springer Verlag 1991Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    M.V. Zhukov et al.: Physics Rep. 231, 151 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    G. Audi, A.H. Wapstra: Nucl. Phys. A 565, 1 (1993)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    F. Ajzenberg—Selove: Nucl. Phys. A 490, 1 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    V.D. Efros et al.: Phys. Rev. C (to be submitted)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    B.M. Young et al.: Phys. Rev. C 49, 279 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    W.A. Fowler, G.R. Caughlan and B. Zimmerman: Ann. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 13, 69 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    S. Cohen, D. Kurath: Nucl. Phys. 73, 1 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. Krauss: Computer code TEDCA. Technical University Vienna, 1992Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    R. Kryger et al.: Phys. Rev. C 47, R4239 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    I.J. Thompson, M.V. Zhukov: Phys. Rev. C 49, 1904 (1994)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    S. Shimumora et al.: Phys. Lett. B 348, 29 (1995)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. Görres et al.: Phys. Rev. C (submitted and private communication)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Oberhummer
    • 1
  • W. Balogh
    • 1
  • V. D. Efros
    • 1
  • H. Herndl
    • 1
  • R. Hofinger
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Nuclear PhysicsTechnical University ViennaWienAustria

Personalised recommendations