Reactive gliosis and monoamine oxidase B
A double-staining method was applied to cryosections of human spinal cord from patients who died with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and corresponding controls in order to investigate cellular content of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B). 3H-L-Deprenyl emulsion autoradiography was used in combination with histochemical methods for the detection of astrocytes and monocytes/microglia. In the ALS spinal cords an increased number of astrocytes as well as an increased content of MAO-B in reactive species of astrocytes was demonstrated. No significant 3H-L-deprenyl binding was observed in cells derived from the mesoderm, e.g. monocytes or microglia. Furthermore, a sub-population of reactive astrocytes that contained low levels of MAO-B was observed in spinal sections. These findings were further substantiated by studies performed on primary astrocyte cultures.
KeywordsAmyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein Monoamine Oxidase Reactive Astrocyte Quinolinic Acid
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