Immunogenicity of poliovirus vaccines with special reference to the choice between oral and inactivated vaccines in developing countries

  • B. D. Schoub


Both inactivated and oral poliovirus vaccines have successfully eradicated poliomyelitis in the developed world. Inactivated vaccine may appear to have some advantages for the developing world, particularly with regard to interference and greater stability, but fails to address the major reservoir of faecal-orally spread virus, the gastrointestinal tract. Inactivated vaccine used to supplement oral vaccine schedules increases cost and could cause confusion in adminis tration. Interference in oral vaccine schedules could be addressed by a supplementary neonatal dose. In most of Africa, type 1 poliovirus is the dominant endemic strain and also the cause of outbreaks, and neonatal supplementation with type 1 would have particular advantages.


Vaccine Coverage Oral Poliovirus Vaccine Population Immunity Inactivate Poliovirus Vaccine Paralytic Poliomyelitis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. D. Schoub
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute for Virology and Department of VirologyUniversity of the WitwatersrandJohannesburgSouth Africa

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