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Criteria for the certification of poliomyelitis eradication

  • I. Arita

Summary

In 1988 the World Health Organization launched the global programme for eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000. Substantial progress was made in Latin America, where eradication is imminent.

In this paper, discussed are criteria of certification of eradication of poliomyelitis in Latin America. In addition to the formation of commission for certification, the importance is stressed on the continuing epidemiological surveillance based on acute flaccid paralysis, laboratory surveillance of wild polio virus and maintenance of a good immunity level. The concept for certification as described here would be useful in the future in other continents where polio eradication programmes are now in progress.

Keywords

Immunization Coverage Eradication Programme Acute Flaccid Paralysis Smallpox Virus Wild Poliovirus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    de Quadros CA ,Andrus JK, Olive JM, de Marcedo CG, Henderson DA (1992) Polio Eradication: The Experience in the Americas. Ann Rev Publ Health 13: 239–252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arita I (1979) Virological evidence for the success of the smallpox eradication programme. Nature 279: 293–298PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fenner F, Henderson DA, Arita I, Jezek Z and Ladnji ID (1988) Smallpox and its Eradication, World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Arita
    • 1
  1. 1.Agency for Cooperation in International HealthKumamoto CityJapan

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