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Epidemiologic and laboratory classification systems for paralytic poliomyelitis cases

  • R. W. Sutter
  • S. L. Cochi
  • P. A. Patriarca

Summary

Classification systems for poliomyelitis cases were first developed in industrialized countries to provide a uniform and standardized method to assign epidemiological categories to individual cases, particularly for vaccine-associated paralytic poliomyelitis cases. The classification of paralytic poliomyelitis cases follows individual case investigations that attempt to collect all available clinical, epidemiologic and laboratory information on each suspected poliomyelitis case. Many countries have convened expert review committees to evaluate, confirm and classify suspected poliomyelitis cases. In the United States, classification systems for paralytic poliomyelitis cases have been in use since 1976. The goals of regional elimination of polio myelitis from the Americas by the year 1990, and of global eradication of poliomyelitis by the year 2000, provide an additional impetus to extend classification systems to poliomyelitisendemic areas and to standardize methods for monitoring progress towards these eradication objectives.

Keywords

Case Definition Stool Specimen Acute Flaccid Paralysis Oral Poliovirus Vaccine Polio Eradication 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. W. Sutter
    • 1
  • S. L. Cochi
    • 1
  • P. A. Patriarca
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of ImmunizationCenters for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

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