• H. G. Hinghofer-Szalkay
  • E. M. König
  • N. B. Noskov
  • G. Sauseng-Fellegger


Manned space flight is not just a fascinating adventure but also makes us think of numerous applications for terrestrial use we otherwise would not always, or only with considerable delay, become aware of. The assessment of biological system parameters can be significantly aided by employing extreme model situations because the body’s adaptive mechanisms are forced to perform resettings that cannot be obtained without the stimulus pattern that is imposed onto the organism. From parameter constellations at such extremes, a better characterization of “normal” function can be derived, and the basis for hypothesis testing gains reliability. Understanding physiological systems is a formidable task for future research and presents an area of considerable scientific value and innovative potential [13].


Sound Velocity Space Flight Fluid Shift Hydrostatic Pressure Gradient Manned Space Flight 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    Rhoades R, Pflanzer R (Ed) (1992) Human Physiology, 2nd ed. Saunders.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Haas G, Hinghofer-Szalkay H et al (1991) Effect of head-down bedrest on blood/plasma density after intravenous fluid load. Acta Physiol Scand 144: S 604, 113-120, 1991.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hinghofer-Szalkay H (1991) Human physiology research in space. Microgravity News 4: 21–28.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Knobil E (1990) A “White Paper” on the future of physiology and the role of the American Physiological Society in it. Physiologist 33(6): 161–180.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hinghofer-Szalkay H, König E, Schmied J, Heimel H (1990) A new principle for dynamic fluid shift investigations in astronauts. Proc 4th Eur Symp Life Sci in Space: esa SP-307, 129-132.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Oser H, Battrick B (eds.) (1989) Life sciences research in space. esa SP-1105.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hinghofer-Szalkay H, Haas G, Oser H, Kenner T (1989) Monitoring fluid shifts in humans: application of a new method. Aviat Space Environ Med 60: 23–28.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schneditz D, Heimel H, Stabinger H (1989) Sound speed, density and total protein concentration of blood. J Clin Chem Clin Biochem 27: 803–806.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Hinghofer-Szalkay H, Greenleaf J E (1987) Continuous monitoring of blood volume changes in humans. J Appl Physiol 63: 1003–1007.Google Scholar
  10. ai]10.
    esa SP-271: 3rd European Symposium on Life Sciences Research in Space, Graz, Austria, 14–18 September 1987.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Waterhouse J M (1985) Changed acceleration forces (gravity). In: Case R M (ed) Variations in human physiology. Manchester University Press.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Blomqvist C G, Stone H L (1983) Cardiovascular adjustments to gravitational stress. In: Handbook of physiology. The cardiovascular system. Peripheral circulation and organ blood flow. Am Physiol Soc Bethesda, MD, sect 2, vol 3, chapt 28.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bonde-Petersen F, Hinghofer-Szalkay H, Hordinsky J (1982) Microgravity as an additional tool for research in human physiology. esa BR-09.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nicogossian A E, Parker J F Jr (1982) Space physiology and medicine. NASA SP-447.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bonde-Petersen F (ed) (1981) Human cardiovascular adaptation to zero gravity. esa SP-1033.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Bradley E L, Sacerio J (1977) The velocity of ultrasound in human blood under varying physiologic parameters. J Surg Res 12: 200–207.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Bakke T, Gytre T, Haagensen A, Giezendanner L (1975) Ultrasonic measurement of sound velocity in whole blood. Scand J Clin Lab Invest 35: 473–478.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Hinghofer-Szalkay
  • E. M. König
  • N. B. Noskov
  • G. Sauseng-Fellegger

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations