Advertisement

Identification and Interpretation of Cast Vessel Structures

  • S. H. Aharinejad
  • A. Lametschwandtner

Abstract

Due to the high replication quality today’s casting media have (for details see Chapt. 2) in most cases cast arterial vessels can reliably be differentiated from venous ones according to the characteristic endothelial cell (nuclei and border lines) imprint patterns [1] and the “gross” appearance these two vessel types reveal. Capillaries can be identified by their diameter.

Keywords

Plastic Strip Venous Valve Daughter Vessel Arterial Sphincter Vascular Corrosion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Miodonski A, Hodde KC, Bakker C (1976) Rasterelektronenmikroskopie von PlastikKorrosions-Präparaten: morphologische Unterschiede zwischen Arterien and Venen. BEDO 9: 435–442Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nerem RM, Levesque MJ, Cornhill F (1981) Vascular Casting: a technique for studying the influence of hemodynamic forces on arterial endothelium. Biorheology 18: 162Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nerem RM, Levesque MJ, Cornhill F (1981) Vascular endothelial morphology as an indicator of the pattern of blood flow. J Biomech Eng 103: 172–176PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Reidy MA, Levesque MJ (1977) A scanning electron microscopic study of arterial endothelial cells using vascular casts. Atherosclerosis 28: 463–470PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Cornhill JF, Levesque ML, Herderick EE, Nerem RM, Kilman JW, Vasko JS (1980) Quantitative study of the rabbit aortic endothelium using vascular casts. Atherosclerosis 35: 321–337PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Christofferson RH (1988) Angiogenesis as induced by trophoblast and cancer cells. PhD Thesis. University of Uppsala, 81 pGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Christofferson RH, Nilsson BO (1988) Microvascular corrosion casting with analysis in the scanning electron microscope. Scanning 10: 43–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Maros T (1981) Data regarding the typology and functional significance of the venous valves. Morphol Embryol 27: 195–214Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Castenholz A (1989) Interpretation of structural patterns appearing on corrosion casts of small initial lymphatic vessels. Scanning Microsc 3: 315–325PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hossler FE (1985) Anatomy of venous valves: studies on the duckling using corrosion casting, SEM, and stereology. Anat Rec 214: 454Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hossler FE, West RF (1988) Venous valve anatomy and morphometry: studies on the duckling using vascular corrosion casting. Am J Anat 181: 425–432PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fourman J, Moffat DB (1961) The effect of intra-arterial cushions on plasma skimming in small arteries. J Physiol 158: 374–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Rhodin JAG (1967) The ultrastructure of mammalian arterioles and precapillary sphincters. J Ultrastr Res 18: 181–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nanda BS, Getty R (1972) Intimal cushions of the cerebral arteries and their changes with age in the dog and pig. Anat Anz 132: 79–85PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Moffat DB (1969) Intra-arterial cushions in the arteries of the rat’s eye. Acta Anat 72: 1–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Casellas D, Dupont M, Jover B, Mimran A (1982) Scanning electron microscopic study of arterial cushions in rats: a novel application of the corrosion-replication technique. Anat Rec 203: 419–428PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hodde KC (1981) Cephalic vascular patterns in the rat. Akademisch Proefschrift. Rodopi, Amsterdam, 94 pGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lametschwandtner A, Lametschwandtner U, Weiger T (1990) Scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts–technique and applications: updated review. Scanning Microsc 4: 889–941PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yamaguchi K, Schöfl, GI (1983) Blood vessels of the Peyer’s patch in the mouse. I. Topographic studies. Anat Rec 206: 391–401PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Steeber DA, Erickson CM, Hodde KC, Albrecht RM (1987) Vascular changes in popliteal lymph nodes due to antigen challenge in normal and lethally irradiated mice. Scanning Microsc 1: 831–839PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lametschwandtner A, Staindl O (1990) Zur Angioarchitektur des Keloids. Hals-NasenOhrenheilk 38: 202–207Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Kotrschal K, Lametschwandtner A, Adam H (1985) Fine structure and vascular supply of the median eminence (ME) in Acipenser ruthenus ( Chondrostei ). J Hirnforsch 26: 333–354PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Bosman MC, De Wet PD, Le Roux CG (1982) The ultrastructure of the “peripheral resistance” and pre-capillary sphincters. S Afr Med J 62: 874–876PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Motti EDF, Imhof HG, Garza JM, Yasargil MG (1987) Vasospastic phenomena on the luminal replica of rat brain vessels. Scanning Microsc 1: 207–222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Schraufnagel DE, Patel KR (1990) Sphincters in pulmonary veins. An anatomic study in rats. Am Rev Respir Dis 141: 721–726PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Aharinejad S, Franz P, Böck P, Lametschwandtner A, Breiteneder H, Firbas W (1990) Sphincterlike structures in corrosion casts. Scanning 12: 280–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Kardon RH, Farley DB, Heidger PM, Van Orden DE (1982) Intra-arterial cushions of the rat uterine artery: a scanning electron microscope evaluation utilizing vascular casts. Anat Rec 203: 19–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Anderson BG, Anderson WD (1978) Shunting in intracranial microvasculature demonstrated by SEM of corrosion casts. Am J Anat 153: 617–624PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Castenholz A, Zöltzer H, Erhardt H (1982) Structures imitating myocytes and pericytes in corrosion casts of terminal blood vessels. A methodical approach to the phenomenon of “plastic strips” in SEM. Mikroskopie 39: 95–106PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Castenholz A (1983) Visualization of periendothelial cells in arterioles and capillaries by scanning electron microscopy of ultrasound treated and Plastoid injected brains in rats. Scanning Electron Microsc I: 161–170Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Gaudio E, Pannarale L, Marinozzi G (1985) Scanning electron microscopic corrosion cast study on pericyte localization and role in microcirculation of skeletal muscle. Angiol 36: 458–464CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Gaudio E, Pannarale L, Marinozzi G (1986) Microcorrosion casts in the microcirculation of skeletal muscle. Scanning Electron Microsc 1986: 1103–1108Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vogel WO, Claviez M (1981) Vascular specialization in fish, but no evidence for lymphatics. Z Naturforsch 36: 490–492Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Vogel WOP (1985) Systemic vascular anastomoses, primary and secondary vessels in fish and the phylogeny of lymphatics. In: Johansen K, Burggrenn W (eds) Cardiovascular Shunts. Raven Press, New York, pp 143–151Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lahnsteiner F, Lametschwandtner A, Patzner RA, Adam H (1990) The secondary blood vessel system of segmental arteries and dorsal aorta in Blennius pavo and Zosterisessor ophiocephalus. Histology, fine structure and SEM of vascular corrosion casts. Scanning Microsc 4: 111–124Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Aharinejad S, Böck P, Lametschwandtner A, Firbas W (1992) Scanning and transmission electron microscopy of venous sphincters in the rat lung. Anat Rec 233: 555–568PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Aharinejad S, Böck P, Lametschwandtner A, Franz P, Firbas W (1991) Sphincters in the rat pulmonary veins. Comparison of scanning electron and transmission electron microscopic studies. Scanning Microsc 5: 1091–1096PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Aharinejad
    • 1
  • A. Lametschwandtner
    • 2
  1. 1.First Department of AnatomyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Experimental ZoologyUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria

Personalised recommendations