The Peripheral Sense Organs

  • S. H. Aharinejad
  • A. Lametschwandtner


This topic is dealt with in Part 2, Chapt. 2 of this book.


Round Window Stria Vascularis Capillary Loop Spiral Ligament Posterior Ciliary Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bugge J (1968) The arterial supply of the rabbit nose and oral cavity. Acta Anat 70: 168–183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rossatti B (1954) Über die Blutzirkulation und die arteriovenösen Anastomosen der menschlichen Nasenschleimhaut. Anat Anz 100: 243–247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Temerekasi D (1969) Mikroskopischer Bau und Funktion des Schwellgewebes der Nasenmuschel des Menschen. Z Mikrosk Anat Forsch 80: 219–229Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dawes JDK, Prichard MML (1953) Studies of the vascular arrangements of the nose. J Anat 87: 311–322PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nagai M, Nagai T, Tono T (1983) Scanning electron microscopy of arteriovenous anastomosis in nasal respiratory mucosa. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 238: 115–122PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hodde KC, De Blecourt CV (1979) The rat nasal blood supply and arteriovenous anastomoses. J Anat 129: 206–207PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grevers G, Heinzmann U (1989) Vascular corrosion casts of the nasal mucosa. An experimental study in the rabbit. Acta Otolaryngol 107: 254–261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grevers G, Heinzmann U, Grevers-Colorian J (1989) Morphological aspects of nasal blood vessels. In: Motta PM (ed) Cells and tissues. A three-dimensional approach by modern techniques in microscopy. Liss, New York, pp 451–456Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Spit BJ, Hendriksen EGJ, Bruijntjes JP, Kuper CF (1989) Nasal lymphoid tissue in the rat. Cell Tissue Res 225: 193–198Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hayashi S, Kikuta A, Ohtsuka A, Masuda Y (1991) Microvascular architecture of rat nasal associated lymphoid tissue. Arch Histol Cytol 54: 279–287PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fryczkowski AW, Sherman MD (1988) Scanning electron microscopy of human ocular vascular casts: The submacular choriocapillaris. Acta Anat 132: 265–269PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Woodlief NF, Eifrig DE (1982) Initial observations on the ocular microcirculation in man: The choriocapillaris. Ann Ophthalmol 14: 176–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Yoneya S, Tso MOM, Shimizu K (1983) Patterns of the choriocapillaris. A method to study the choroidal vasculature of the enucleated human eye. Intern Ophthalmol 6: 95–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hunold W, Weiglein E (1980) Uvea. Die Choriocapillaris des Menschen in Ausgußpräparat. Ber Dtsch Ophtalmol Ges 77: 701–704Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Fryczkowski AW, Grimson BS, Pfeiffer RL (1984) Scanning electron microscopy of vascular casts of the human sclera) lamina cribrosa. Intern Ophthalmol 7: 95–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Olver JM, McCartney ACE (1989) Orbital and ocular micro-vascular corrosion casting in man. Eye 3: 588–596PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Burger PC, Chandler DB, Fryczkowski AW, Klintworth GK (1987) Scanning electron microscopy of microcorrosion casts: Applications in ophthalmologic research. Scanning Microsc 1: 223–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Fryczkowski AW, Sato SE, Hodes BL (1988) Changes in the diabetic choroidal vasculature: Scanning electron microscopy findings. Ann Ophthalmol 20: 299–305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Fryczkowski AW (1987) Vascular casting and scanning electron microscopy in diabetes. Scanning Microsc 1: 811–816PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kohler T, Leiser R (1983) Blood vessels of the bovine choroidea. A scanning electron microscopic study. Acta Anat 116: 55–61PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Morrison JC, Van Buskirk EM (1983) Anterior collateral circulation in the primate eye. Ophthalmology 90: 707–715PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Morrison JC, Van Buskirk EM (1984) Ciliary process microvasculature of the primate eye. Am J Ophthalmol 97: 372–383PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    De Schaepdrijver L, Simoens P, Lauwers H, De Geest JP, Charlier G (1989) The hyaloid vascular system of the pig. A light and scanning electron microscopic study. Anat Embryol 180: 549–554PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Risco JM, Nopanitaya W (1980) Ocular microcirculation. Scanning electron microscopic study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 19: 5–12PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Motti EDF, Niemeyer G (1983) Rasterlektronenmikroskopie an Gefäßausgüssen des Auges. Klin Mbl Augenheilk 182: 518–521CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Matsusaka T (1976) Angio-architecture of the choroid. Jpn J Ophthalmol 20: 330–346Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Wybar KC (1954) A study of the choroidal circulation of the eye in man. J Anat 88: 94–98PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Yoshimoto H, Murata M, Yamagami K, Matsuyama S (1980) Studies on the angioarchitecture of the posterior choroid in the rat and the role of posterior ciliary vein. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 19: 1245–1250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Hossler FE, Olson KR (1984) Microvasculature of the avian eye: Studies on the eye of the duckling with microcorrosion casting, scanning electron microscopy, and stereology. Am J Anat 170: 205–221PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jasinski A (1973) Fine structure of capillaries in the pecten oculi of the sparrow, Passer domesticus. Z Zellforsch Mikrosk Anat 146: 281–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bernstein MH, Sandoval I, Curtis MB, Hudson DM (1979) Brain temperature in pigeons: Effects of anterior respiratory bypass. J Comp Physiol 129: 115–118Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Axelsson A, Angelborg C, Larsen HC (1983) The microsphere surface technique for evaluation of cochlear vessels and circulation. Acta Otolaryngol 95: 297–305PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Axelsson A, Lind A (1973) The capillary areas in the rabbit cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol 76: 254–267PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Axelsson A, Lipscomb D (1975) The vascular pattern of the chinchilla cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol 79: 352–356PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Hornstrand C, Axelsson A, Vertes D (1980) The vascular anatomy of the rat cochlea. Acta Otolaryngol 89: 1–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Hawkins JF (1976) Microcirculation in the labyrinth. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 212: 241–251PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Axelsson A, Nuttall AL, Miller JM (1990) Observations of cochlear microcirculation using intravital microscopy. Acta Otolaryngol 109: 263–270PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Jonnsson LG (1972) Cochlear blood vessel pattern in the human fetus and postnatal vascular involution. Ann Otol 81: 22–40Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Axelsson A, Ernstson S (1972) Cochlear vascular anatomy in strain of the waltzing guinea pig. Acta Otolaryngol 74: 172–182PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Firbas W, Gruber H, Wicke W (1981) The blood vessels of the limbus spiralis. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 232: 131–137PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Firbas W, Fritz K, Hoyer CH, Kaiser R, Schwarz J (1979) Die Arterien der menschlichen Ohrmuschel. Verh Anat Ges 73: 297–303Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Barbara M, Rask-Andersen H, Bagger-Sjöbäck D (1987) Ultrastructure of the endolymphatic sac in the mongolian gerbil. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 244: 284–287PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Kronenberg J, Rickenbacher J (1986) The vascular pattern of the endolymphatic sac in the human embryo. Am J Otol 7: 326–329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Axelsson A, Ryan A, Woolf N (1986) The early postnatal development of the cochlear vasculature in the gerbil. Acta Otolaryngol 101: 75–87PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Schöps P, Erdl R, Knorr H, Seichert N, Schnizer W (1987) An investigation of the microcirculation of the human tympanic membrane with laser-Doppler flowmetry. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 244: 288–290PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Miodonski A, Hodde KC, Kus J (1978) Scanning electron microscopy of the cochlear vasculature. Arch Otolaryngol 104: 313–317PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Tange RA, Hodde KC (1985) Microvasculature of the stria vascularis in the round window area in the rat. Otorhinolaryngol 47: 225–228Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Tange RA (1986) The vascular anatomy of the spiral lamina and the spiral limbus in the adult rat. A scanning electron microscope study of corrosion casts preparations. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 243: 24–26PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    Hoshino T, Ishioka K (1982) Scanning electron microscopy of cochlear blood vessels in the mouse. Arch Otorhinolaryngol 237: 51–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    Matsubara K, Aoki T, Kawashima S, Saito R, Ogura Y (1979) Vascular anatomy of the inner ear of the guinea pig. A SEM study of the corrosion cast. Auris Nasus Larynx 6: 1–11PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Tange RA, Wijburg FA (1986) The vasculature of the external wall of the gerbil’s inner ear. Hearing Res 23: 135–139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Nakai Y, Masutani H, Cho H (1986) Scanning electron microscopy of microvascular system in the inner ear. Scanning Electron Microsc 2: 543–548Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Rask-Andersen H (1979) The vascular supply of the endolymphatic sac. Acta Otolaryngol 88: 315–327PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Axelsson A (1988) Comparative anatomy of cochlear blood vessels. Am J Otolaryngol 9: 278–290PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Aharinejad S, Franz P, Firbas W, Fakhari M (1990) Mandibular and molar vascularization in guinea pigs. Scanning electron microscopic study of corrosion casts. Anat Rec 228: 471–477Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Hundeiker M, Brehm K (1971) Hautrelief and Capillararchitektur. Arch Derm Forsch 242: 78–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Hundeiker M (1972) Zur Darstellung der Gefäßarchitektur der Haut. Arch Derm Forsch 245: 163–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Grunt T, Lametschwandtner A, Staindl 0 (1982) Die Angioarchitektur der Haut des retroaurikulären Bereiches des Menschen. Eine rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchung. Hals-Nasen-Ohren-heilk 30: 420–425Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Imayama S (1981) Scanning and transmission electron microscope study on the terminal blood vessels of the rat skin. J Invest Dermatol 76: 151–157PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    Yamamoto O (1990) Three-dimensional architecture of the microvasculature in the rat foot-pad, with special reference to vasculature around the eccrine sweat glands. A scanning electron microscopic study of corrosion casts. Cell Tissue Res 262: 225–232PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Umeda N, Ikeda A (1988) Scanning electron microscopic study of the capillary loops in the dermal papillae. Skin of the hand of the Japanese monkey (Macaca fuscata). Acta Anat 132: 270–275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    Ikeda A, Umeda N, Tsuda K, Ohta S (1991) Scanning electron microscopy of the capillary loops in the dermal papillae of the hand in primates, including man. J Electron Microsc Techn 19: 419–428CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    Ikeda M, Okada S (1990) Fine structure of the sinus hair (pillus labialis maxillaris) and its microvascular architecture in cat. Okajimas Folia Anat Jpn 67: 365–380PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Lametschwandtner A, Weiger T, Lametschwandtner U, Georgieva-Hansov V, Patzner RA, Adam H (1989) The vascularization of the skin of the Atlantic hagfish, Myxine glutinosa L. as revealed by scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts. Scanning Microsc 3: 305–314Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Miodonski AJ, Bär T (1987) The superficial vascular hyaloid system in the eye of the frogs, Rana temporaria and Rana esculenta. Scanning electron-microscopic study of vascular corrosion casts. Cell Tissue Res 250: 465–473PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Franz P, Aharinejad S, Lametschwandtner A, Firbas W (1991) Die Glomeruli arteriosi cochleae-eine rasterelektronenmikroskopische Studie an Gefäßkorrosionspräparaten. Anat Anz [Suppl] 168: 449–450Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Aharinejad
    • 1
  • A. Lametschwandtner
    • 2
  1. 1.First Department of AnatomyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Experimental ZoologyUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria

Personalised recommendations