The Urinary System

  • S. H. Aharinejad
  • A. Lametschwandtner


It is impossible to discuss all the work done on the renal vasculature. Numerous studies have been undertaken on the renal vessels variations, three-dimensional structure of the tubulus system and tubular cells, and development of the renal glomeruli, using macro- and microcorrosion casting methods [1–11]. In order to get a systematic view on the kidney vascularization, first the fish and then the amphibian, reptilian, avian, and finally the mammalian kidney vascular patterns are described.


Internal Iliac Artery Outer Medulla Afferent Arteriole Efferent Arteriole Interlobular Artery 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Aharinejad
    • 1
  • A. Lametschwandtner
    • 2
  1. 1.First Department of AnatomyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Experimental ZoologyUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria

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