Corrosion Casting — A Historical Review

  • S. H. Aharinejad
  • A. Lametschwandtner


The interest in the anatomy of hollow space systems (blood vessels, brain and heart ventricular system, and bile duct system) is as old as anatomy. Air blown into blood vessels, instillation of non-colored and colored fluids (water, milk, etc), and the injection of solidifying wax and natural occurring resins characterize the pre-corrosion casting era (for further details see Tables 1.1 and 1.2).


Chick Embryo Renal Clear Cell Carcinoma Hydroxypropyl Methacrylate Term Placenta Medium Target 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hyrtl J (1873) Corrosions-Anatomie und ihre Ergebnisse. Braumüller, WienGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Singer C (1921) Studies in the History and Method of Science, vol II. Clarendon Press, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cole FJ (1921) The history of anatomical injections. In: Singer C (ed) Studies in the History and Method of Science, vol II. Clarendon Press, Oxford, pp 285–343Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kus J (1959) The use of vinyl plastics as injection masses in anatomical studies (in Polish). CracowGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kus J (1969) The history of injection methods in the morphological sciences. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 27: 134–146Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Tompsett DH (1970) Anatomical Techniques. E and S Livingston, Edinburgh-LondonGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ruysch F (1725) Opera omnia anatomico-medico-chirurgica. Amsterdam, vol 1–4Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lieberkühn JN (1748) Sur les Moyens Propres a Decouvrir la Construction des Visceres. Memoires de l’ Academie Royale des Sciences, vol IV, BerlinGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schummer A (1935) Ein neues Mittel (“Plastoid”) and Verfahren zur Herstellung korrosionsanatomischer Präparate. Anat Anz 81: 177–201Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Batson O (1955) Corrosion specimens prepared with a new material. Anat Rec 121: 425Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Von Ardenne M (1938) Das Elektronen-Rastermikroskop. Theoretische Grundlagen. Z Physik 109: 553–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Von Ardenne M (1938) Das Elektronen-Rastermikroskop. Praktische Ausführung. Z Techn Physik 19: 407–419Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    McMullan D (1989) SEM-past, present, future. J Microsc 155: 373–392CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nowell J, Pangborn J, Tyler WS (1970) Scanning electron microscopy of the avian lung. In: Johari O (ed) Scanning Electron Microsc 1970: 249–256Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Murakami T (1971) Application of the scanning electron microscope to the study of the fine distribution of the blood vessels. Arch Histol Jpn 32: 445–454PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Murakami T (1975) Pliable methacrylate casts of blood vessels: Use in a scanning electron microscope study of the microcirculation in rat hypophysis. Arch Histol Jpn 38: 151–168PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Murakami T, Ohtani O, Ohtsuka A, Kikuta A (1983) Injection replication and scanning electron microscopy of blood vessels. In: Hodges GM, Carr KE (eds) Biomedical research applications of scanning electron microscopy. vol 3, Academic Press, London, pp 1–30Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Murakami T, Itoshima T, Hitomi K, Ohtsuka A, Jones A (1984) A monomeric methyl and hydroxypropyl methacrylate injection medium and its utility in casting blood capillaries and liver bile canaliculi for scanning electron microscopy. Arch Histol Jpn 47: 223–237PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kobayashi S, Osatake H, Kashima Y (1976) Corrosion casts of lymphatics. Arch Histol Jpn 39: 177–181PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mayer E (1989) Corrosion casts as a method for investigation of the insect tracheal system. Cell Tissue Res 256: 1–6Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Lametschwandtner A, Lametschwandtner U, Weiger, T (1990) Scanning electron microscopy of vascular corrosion casts-technique and applications: updated review. Scanning Microsc 4: 889–941PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Hodde KC, Nowell J (1980) Ubersicht über Mikro-Mazerations-Innenabdrücke für die Raster-Elektronenmikroskopie. BEDO 13: 295–316Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Miodonski A, Hodde KC, Bakker C (1976) Rasterelektronenmikroskopie von PlastikKorrosions-Präparaten: Morphologische Unterschiede zwischen Arterien and Venen. BEDO 9: 435–442Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Obersteiner H (1896) Anleitung beim Studium des Baues der nervösen Centralorgane. Deuticke, Leipzig-Wien, pp 187–193Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Hodde KC, Nowell J (1980) SEM of microcorrosion casts. Scanning Electron Microsc/1980/11: 88–106Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Dollinger RK, Armstrong PB (1974) Scanning electron microscopy of injection replicas of the chick embryo circulatory system. J Microsc 102: 179–186PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Ditrich H, Splechtna H (1989) The opistonephric blood vascular system of the chicken embryo as studied by scanning electron microscopy of microvascular corrosion casts and critical point dried preparations. Scanning Microsc 3: 559–565PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bockman DE, Redmond ME, Kirby ML (1989) Alteration of early vascular development after ablation of cranial neural crest. Anat Rec 225: 209–217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Burton GJ, Palmer ME (1989) The chorioallantoic capillary plexus of the chicken egg: a microvascular corrosion casting study. Scanning Microsc 3: 549–558PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Schwärzler C, Reinhart B, Lametschwandtner A, Stöllinger T, Aichhorn H (1991) Gill microangioarchitecture in metamorphic tadpoles of Xenopus laevis D. Europ J Cell Biol 55 Suppl 34: 82Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Naito I (1984) The development of glomerular capillary tufts of the bullfrog kidney from a straight interstitial vessel to an anastomosed capillary network. A scanning electron microscopic study of vascular casts. Arch Histol Jpn 47: 441–456Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Kazimierczak J (1980) A study by scanning (SEM) and transmission (TEM) electron microscopy of the glomerular capillaries in developing rat kidney. Cell Tissue Res 212: 241–255PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Mclndoe R, Smith DG (1984) Functional anatomy of the internal gills of the tadpole of Litoria ewingii ( Anura, Hylidae). Zoomorphology 104: 280–291Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Habashi S, Burton GJ, Steven DH (1983) Morphological study of the fetal vasculature of the human term placenta: scanning electron microscopy of corrosion casts. Placenta 4: 41–56PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Fryczkowski AW, Grimson BS, Pfeiffer RL (1985) Vascular casting and scanning electron microscopy of human ocular vascular abnormalities. Arch Ophthalmol 103: 118–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Grunt T, Lametschwandtner A, Staindl O (1982) Die Angioarchitektur der Haut des retroaurikulären Bereiches des Menschen. Eine rasterelektronenmikroskopische Untersuchung an Korrosionspräparaten. Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilk 30: 420–425Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Miodonski A, Kus J, Olszewski E, Tyrankiewicz R (1980) SEM studies on blood vessels in cancer of the larynx. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 106: 321–332CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Bugajski A, Nowogrodzka-Zagorska M, Lenko J, Miodonski AJ (1989) Angiomorphology of the human renal clear cell carcinoma: A LM and SEM study. Virchows Arch [A] 415: 103–113CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Grunt TW, Lametschwandtner A, Staindl O (1985) The vascular pattern of basal cell tumors: light microscopy and scanning electron microscopic study on vascular corrosion casts. Microvasc Res 29: 371–386PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kaufmann P, Bruns U, Leiser R, Luckhardt M, Winterhager E (1985) The fetal vascularisation of term human placental villi. II. Intermediate and terminal villi. Anat Embryol 173: 203–214PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Lee MML, Yeh MN (1986) Fetal microcirculation of abnormal human placenta. II. Scanning electron microscopy of placental vascular casts from fetus with severe erythroblastosis fetalis. Am J Obstet Gynecol 154: 1139–1146PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Banya Y, Ushiki T, Ohhori T, Kubo T, Aoko H, Takagane H, Ide C (1989) Two circulatory routes within the human corpus cavernosum penis–a scanning electron microscopic study of corrosion casts. J Urol 142: 879–883PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Olver JM, McCartney ACE (1989) Orbital and ocular microvascular corrosion casting in man. Eye 3: 588–596PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    Olver JM, McCartney ACE (1989) Anterior segment vascular casting. Eye 3: 302–307PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Lametschwandtner A, Staindl O (1990) Zur Angioarchitektur des Keloids. Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheik 38: 202–207Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Aharinejad S, Böck P, Lametschwandtner A (1992) Scanning electron microscopy of esophageal microvasculature in human infants and rabbits. Anat Embryol 186: 33–40PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Aharinejad S, Franz P, Lametschwandtner A, Firbas W, Fakhari M (1991) The microvasculature of the esophagus in human and other mammals: A SEM study. Verh Anat Ges 85. Anat Anz Suppl 170: 145–146Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Aharinejad
    • 1
  • A. Lametschwandtner
    • 2
  1. 1.First Department of AnatomyUniversity of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Department of Experimental ZoologyUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria

Personalised recommendations