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A Rational Basis for Determining an Appropriate Level of Automation Technology

  • N. Learmont
  • M. G. Rodd
Conference paper
Part of the Schriftenreihe der Wissenschaftlichen Landesakademie für Niederösterreich book series (AKADNIEDERÖSTER)

Abstract

Whilst Automation Technology has been developed by Industrialized Countries, scant regard has been given to the impact of such technologies on the developing countries of the Second and Third Worlds. In some cases the direct, or indirect, effects of this automation have driven the local economy to the brink of collapse, as can currently be seen in many African states, as well as most Eastern European countries. Where once thriving, economies are now losing out to the advanced technology of the industrialized world. “...with transport as it is now, a shirt made in Spain by a fully automated process, can be delivered into the streets of Mbabane (Swaziland) before, and at a lower cost than, a locally hand-made one.” (Rodd, 1991).

Since the goal of any manufacturing activity is to generate income either to the benefit of the individual or the state, industries in developing countries must be made competitive. The problems, though, of establishing a manufacturing base largely revolve around the selection and justification of production technology to be used.

In this paper a computer model has been developed to represent the manufacturing and distribution-network for a product, covering raw materials to retail item. This model, can be used as a ratonal basis to determine whether it is competetive (i.e. profitable) to manufacture a product in a given country and then transport it is competitive (i.e. profitable) to manufacture a product in a given and then transport it to where there is a real market demand.

Keywords

Distribution Network Flexible Manufacturing System Import Duty Automation Technology Export Duty 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Bibliography

  1. Stewart, F. (1978). Technology and Underdevelopment. 2nd Edition. p. 60–61. Loncon. Macmillan.Google Scholar
  2. Svedberg, P. (1991). The Export Performance of Sub Saharan Africa. Economic Development and Cultural Change. Vol. 39, No. 3, p. 550, April 1991CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Rodd, M. G. (1991). Report To: The British Council on Engineering at the University of Swaziland. March 1991Google Scholar
  4. Loner, B. (1984). Automated Assembly in the Electrical Industry. Programmable Assembly. p. 75–92. IFS (Publications) Ltd. U.K.Google Scholar
  5. Elbracht, D., Schacher, H. (1984). Automatic or Manual Assembly? Boundaries of Economy at Middle or Low Batch Production. Programmable Assembly. p. 305–314. IFS (Publications) LTd. U.K.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Learmont
    • 1
  • M. G. Rodd
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of WalesSwanseaUK

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