Development Trends of a Culture of Safety in Computer Integrated Manufacturing and Process Industries
The results of our research project “Security of network-based Systems” which has run since 1990 at Dortmund University on behalf of the Projektträger Arbeit and Technik, Bonn, may illustrate that the considerations of Douglas and Wildaysky (1982) referring to high-risk systems are applicable to all types of industrial work. According to Douglas and Wildaysky, different ways of risk-perception and risk-management are not only caused by individual styles of perception or by individual competences (as research on the role of human errors in accidents sometimes suggests), but that they are also depending on cultural conditions. Security cultures as we know them e.g. from the mining industry have always included both elements of personal safety and of system security. They have been shaped, as other elements of working cultures, under the influence of technical and economic constraints of the particular industry. The results of these processes have been institutional patterns, types of knowledge, homogeneous and obligatory values, standards, technical rules, and habits of mind of professional groups (habit as defined by Bourdieu 1987, 98: as a “modus operandi”) regulating riskperception as well as co-operation and communication in risk systems.
KeywordsPersonal Safety Computer Integrate Manufacture Collective Security Individual Style Security Culture
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