Pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas

  • Lucia Cecconi
  • Alfredo Pompili
  • Fabrizio Caroli
  • Ettore Squillaci


Pituitary adenomas (p.a.) are benign epithelial tumors which originate from the cells of the adenohypophysis. They should be classified on the basis of the hormone that they release and of the clinical syndrome that they induce: prolactin (PRL)-secreting, growth hormone (GH)-secreting, adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-secreting, which give rise to amenorrhea-galactorrhea, acromegaly and to Cushings’s syndrome, respectively. Very rare pituitary tumors produce thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and gonadotropins (FSH and LH). Furthermore, there are mixed adenomas, generally PRL- and GH-secreting, and nonfunctioning p.a.


Pituitary Adenoma Cavernous Sinus Diabetes Insipidus Pituitary Stalk Suprasellar Cistern 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lucia Cecconi
    • 1
  • Alfredo Pompili
    • 2
  • Fabrizio Caroli
    • 2
  • Ettore Squillaci
    • 3
  1. 1.Service of Radiology and Diagnostic ImagingUSA
  2. 2.Division of NeurosurgeryIstituto Regina ElenaRomeItaly
  3. 3.Institute of Radiology, Medical SchoolUniversità degli Studi di Roma ‘Tor Vergata’RomeItaly

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