Drug Abuse in Spain: Epidemiology, Policy and Health Structure

  • F. J. Alvarez
  • M. Carmen Del Rio


In Spain, the problem of ’illegal’ drug use and abuse is a relatively recent phenomenon, and it is in the eighties when the increase in the use and abuse of these substances became obvious. In our present study we show a general view of the problem of drug addiction in our country, making a special point of the epidemiology of use and abuse of these substances, the policy, legislatión and health structure related to ’illegal’ drugs, and finally, we will show some comments regarding aids and drug addiction.


Drug Addiction Drug Consumption National Plan Drug Addict Cocaine Abuse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Alvarez FJ, Queipo D, Del Rio MC, Garcia MC. (1989) Patterns of drug use by young people in the rural community of Spain. Br J Addict 84: 647–652.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alvarez FJ, Queipo D, Del Rio MC, Garcia MC. (In press) Patterns of drug use in Castile and Leon (Spain). Br J Addict.Google Scholar
  3. Alvarez FJ, Queipo D, Del Rio MC. (In press) Drogas de abuso: Epidemiología, legislación y políticas sobre drogas. In: Carvajal A (ed) Farmacoepidemiología. Universidad de Valladolid, Valladolid.Google Scholar
  4. Alvarez FJ, Del Rio MC, Gomollon A, Queipo D (1991) Trends changes in substance use among university students in Spain. Wiener Zeitschrift (abstractband/kangrebheft). First European Symposium on Drug Addiction & Aids, 22–23 february 1991. Vienna.Google Scholar
  5. Camf J, De Torres S, San L, Sole A, Guerra D, Ugena B (1985) Efficacy of clonidine and of methadone in the rapid detoxification of patients dependent on heroin. Clin Pharmacol Ther 38: 336–341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Edis (1987) Drogodependencias. Servicios Generales de la Unión General de Trabajadores, Madrid.Google Scholar
  7. Edis-Caritas Espanola (1981) La población Espanola ante las drogas. Documentación Social 42: 25–114.Google Scholar
  8. Garcia-Alonso F, Gutierrez M, San L, Bedate J, Forteza J, RodriguezArtalejo F, Palop R, Lopez-Alvarez M, Perez-De-Los-Cobos JC, Camf J. (1989). A multicentre study to introduce naltrexone for opiate dependence in Spain. Drug Alcohol Depend 23: 117–121.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Herrero ME, Baca E. (1990) Specific treatment demand as a definitory trait of a typology in heroin addicts: differential profile of two subpopulations. Int J Addict 25: 65–79.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Junta de Castilla y León (1989) Plan regional sobre drogas. Junta de Castilla y León, Consejerfa de Cultura y Bienestar Social, Valladolid.Google Scholar
  11. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo (1985) Plan nacional sobre drogas. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo, Madrid.Google Scholar
  12. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo (1990). Sistema estatal de informacion sobre toxicomanias (SEIT), informe ano 1989. Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo Delegacion del Gobierno para el Plan Nacional Sobre Drogas, Madrid.Google Scholar
  13. Muga R, Tor J, Ginesta C, Melus R, Jacas C, Rey-Joly C, Foz M. (1990) Natural history of parenteral drug addicts treated in a general hospital. Br J Addict 85: 775–778.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Navarro J, Lorente S, Varo J, Roiz M, Equipo de Investigación Sociologica. (1985) El consumo de drogas en Espana. Ministerio de Trabajo y Seguridad Social, Secretarfa General para la Seguridad Social, Dirección General de Acción Social, Cruz Roja Espanola, Madrid.Google Scholar
  15. Plan Nacional Sobre SIDA (1990). Casos declarados en la región européa de la OMS (32 paises) hasta la revisión del segundo trimestre de 1990, según criterios de definición de caso CDC 1987/0MS/1988. Publ Of Sesida 1: 264–267.Google Scholar
  16. Queipo D, Alvarez FJ, Velasco A. (1988) Drug consumption among university students in Spain. Br J Addict 83: 91–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sanchez-Carbonell J, Brigos B, Camf J (1988) Evolución de una muestra de heroinómanos dos anos después del inicio del tratamiento (proyecto EMETYST). Med Clin (Barc) 92: 135–139.Google Scholar
  18. Zarraga JL. (1985) Estudio sobre conocimiento y uso de drogas entre los jovenes. Revista de Estudios de Juventud 17: 249–283.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. J. Alvarez
    • 1
  • M. Carmen Del Rio
    • 2
  1. 1.Drugs and Alcohol Research GroupUniversity of ValladolidValladolidSpain
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of ValladolidValladolidSpain

Personalised recommendations