Drug Addiction and AIDS in Republic of Croatia and Yugoslavia

  • S. Sakoman
  • A. Hećimović
Conference paper


The Yugoslav socio-cultural area varies a great deal. The organization of the society in the last decades has not decreased them but has in many spheres turned the differencec into antagonisms that has caused a deep crisis that is leading to the desintegration of the postwar federation. Croatia, one of the six Yugoslav republics, is from the cultural point of view nearer to the west european countries and belongs with Slovenia to the most developed. It has approx. 4,500.000 inhabitants, the capital is Zagreb (approx. 1,000.000 inhabitants). The epidemiological situation in regard to drug addiction as well as the organization of the control of this socio-pathological appearance in the republics as well as in reagions within the republics greatly differ. This country has no uniform doctrine for coping with drug addiction and a lot of attitudes concerning prevention as well as treatment and rehabilitation of the drug addicts are not brought into accord and coordinated. So in Belgrade for example the programme for drug addiction control is primarely based on the use of Metadon (in the last fifteen years) while the programme in Zagreb has favoured prevention through primary care using an interdisciplinary coordinated approach and a drug-free programme has been used in treatment. The results of the Zagreb and Belgrade programmes can be evaluated and compared with the situation in some other urban centers with practically no programme. So now there are thousands of drug addicts in Belgrade (the number of the HIV positive patients among drug addicts is very high — up to 50%), in comparison with hundreds in Zagreb (whereas the the number of HIV seropositive drug addicts among them is very low not more than 1 to 2%).


Drug Addiction Drug Abuser Drug Addict Therapeutic Community Epidemiological Situation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Sakoman
    • 1
  • A. Hećimović
    • 2
  1. 1.Center for Drug AddictionClinical Hospital „Dr. M. StojanovićZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Health Center „Novi Zagreb“Primary Health Care, Scientific UnitZagrebCroatia

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