Biogenesis of Plastids in Higher Plants

  • Reinhold G. Herrmann
  • Peter Westhoff
  • Gerhard Link
Part of the Plant Gene Research book series (GENE)


Two decades of research in organelle molecular biology have established that the biogenesis of organelles and ultimately the development, metabolism and evolution of higher plants are the result of an intimate molecular cooperation between three distinct cellular genetic compartments: nucleus/ cytosol, plastids and mitochondria. The implications of this genetic design become immediately clear after transfer of the plastids from one species into the nuclear background of another. Such an exchange can cause severe developmental disturbances of the resulting interspecific plastid/nuclear hybrids or cybrids and in extreme cases culminate in lethality. The hybrid organisms are frequently bleached (hybrid bleaching), but various characters that manifest themselves outside plastids may be impaired as well, such as gametogenesis or fertility (cf. Hagemann, 1992).


Thylakoid Membrane Spinach Chloroplast Plastid Gene psbA Gene Thylakoid Protein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Reinhold G. Herrmann
    • 1
  • Peter Westhoff
    • 2
  • Gerhard Link
    • 3
  1. 1.Botanisches InstitutLudwig-Maximilians-UniversitätMünchen 19Federal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für Entwicklungs- und Molekularbiologie der PflanzenHeinrich-Heine-UniversitätDüsseldorf 1Federal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Institut für PflanzenphysiologieUniversität BochumBochum 1Federal Republic of Germany

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