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Control of Plastid Gene Expression in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

  • Jean-David Rochaix
Part of the Plant Gene Research book series (GENE)

Abstract

The biosynthesis of the photosynthetic apparatus in higher plants and algae depends on the concerted action of two genetic systems localized in the chloroplast and nucleo-cytosol (Herrmann et al., 1992). Figure 1 displays the assembly pathway of a photosynthetic complex in the thylakoid membrane. Some of its subunits are encoded by the plastid genome and translated on plastid 70S ribosomes while others are encoded by the nuclear genome, translated on cytoplasmic 80S ribosomes and imported into the chloroplast where they assemble with their chloroplast encoded partner polypeptides and in some cases with pigments to form functional complexes. The figure also shows that besides structural nuclear genes (S) coding for components of the photosynthetic apparatus and for the chloroplast protein synthesizing system other nuclear genes (R) are involved in the expression of specific plastid genes. The products of these nuclear genes appear to act mostly at post-transcriptional levels such as plastid RNA stabilization, RNA processing, translation, protein turn-over and complex assembly. Little is known about the molecular basis of this complex regulatory circuitry which ultimately leads to the balanced accumulation of the various photosynthetic components.

Keywords

Thylakoid Membrane Chloroplast Genome Chloroplast Gene Integration Host Factor Plastid Gene Expression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-David Rochaix
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Molecular Biology and Plant BiologyUniversity of GenevaGeneva 4Switzerland

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