Mechanisms Underlying Glutamate-induced Swelling of Astrocytes in Primary Culture
The effects of glutamate and its agonists and antagonists on the swelling of primary astrocytes were studied. Glutamate, aspartate, homocysteate, and quisqualate caused a significant increase in astrocytic swelling as measured by 3-0-methyl-[14C]-glucose uptake and by phase-contrast microscopic observations. N-methyl-D-aspartate and kainate were not effective, nor were the competitive NMDA receptor antagonists. Ketamine and MK-801, the non-competitive NMDA receptor antagonists protected the cultured astrocytes against glutamate-induced swelling. Moreover, Glu-induced astrocytic swelling was significantly reduced when sodium-ions were depleted from the culture medium. The sodium ion dependence of Glu-induced astrocytic swelling is rather specific, since depletion of Ca2+ or Mg2+ had no effect. Our data suggest that Na+-dependent, Glu-mediated cell swelling occurs in primary cell cultures of astrocytes.
KeywordsNMDA Receptor NMDA Receptor Antagonist Primary Cell Culture Primary Astrocyte Noncompetitive NMDA Receptor Antagonist
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