Acute Disc Protrusion in Severe Trauma of the Lower Cervical Spine

  • R. B. Raynor
Conference paper


The initial management of the more severe injuries of the lower cervical spine depends on their type. A Halo apparatus may be used for fracture or soft tissue disruption. If the injury has caused an unstable condition, fusion may be the treatment chosen. In most cases this will be of the posterior type. The usual diagnostic studies done for evaluation consist of plain X-rays and a CT scan, though tomography may be done at some institutions. A myelogram with CT scan is usually not considered necessary even though soft tissue detail is difficult to evaluate by CT scan without the presence of contrast.


Cervical Spine Cervical Spine Injury Disc Protrusion Lower Cervical Spine Anterior Interbody Fusion 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Raynor
    • 1
  1. 1.New YorkUSA

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