Morpho-anatomy and Muscle Synergies of the Cervical Spine During Head Orienting Movements in the Monkey

  • Ph. A. Liverneaux
  • F. G. Lestienne
Conference paper


In a monoarticular movement [9] it is possible according to Wright’s criteria [10], to ascribe from geometric and kinematic characteristics, a function to each one of the muscles participating in a given motor task. However, head orienting movement is usually the result of complex movements across a multijoint system controlled by more than fifteen pairs of muscles. Study of the action of these muscles requires an extensive analysis of the osteo-articular and muscle-ligament systems of the cervical cephalic segment. Such an analysis was made in cats [6, 7], monkeys [5] and humans [2]. In the same line a recent work WSLS focused on a comparative study for several species as guinea pig, lizard, frog, chicken, rabbit, cat, monkey and human [8].


Cervical Spine Neck Muscle Muscle Synergy Deep Muscle Lower Cervical Spine 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ph. A. Liverneaux
    • 1
  • F. G. Lestienne
    • 1
  1. 1.ParisFrance

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