Transoral Surgery: A Useful Approach to the Upper Cervical Spine

  • C. A. Logroscino
Conference paper


Transoral surgery is applicable to a limited number of cases involving disorders in the upper cervical spine (C1–C2). Indeed, there were few possibilities of using this approach whose first application dates back to the pre-Christian Era and the days of Hippocrates.


Cervical Spine Internal Fixation Soft Palate Transoral Approach Segmental Instability 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. A. Logroscino
    • 1
  1. 1.RomaItaly

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