Lateral pnp Transistor Models

  • Henk C. de Graaff
  • François M. Klaassen
Part of the Computational Microelectronics book series (COMPUTATIONAL)


The use of lateral pnp transistors is widespread in linear integrated circuits. They are applied as active load devices, current sources, level shifters etc. [5.1]. Furthermore they are an integral part of integrated injection logic (I 2 L) circuits [5.2].


Series Resistance Charge Storage Base Resistance Current Gain Model Definition 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Henk C. de Graaff
    • 1
  • François M. Klaassen
    • 1
  1. 1.Philips Research LaboratoriesEindhovenThe Netherlands

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