The adult patient with spine deformity and low back pain

  • Gunnar B. J. Andersson
  • Thomas W. McNeill


The adult spine has a normal series of curves in the median (midsagittal) plane. The convex anterior cervical and lumbar curves are referred to as “lordosis” while the thoracic curve which is concave anteriorly is called “kyphosis”. The normal ranges for these curves have significant variability. The normal thoracic kyphosis (as measured from the end plate of T-1 to T-12) is about 35° (+/− 10°) and the normal lumbar lordosis (as measured from S-1 to L-1) is about 50° (+/− 10°). The normal spine is straight in the frontal (coronal) plane.


Back Pain Disc Degeneration Spinal Deformity Spinal Stenosis Thoracic Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunnar B. J. Andersson
    • 1
  • Thomas W. McNeill
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryRush-Presbyterian-St. Luke’s Medical HospitalChicagoUSA

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