Stability and Instability of the Cervical Spine

  • R. Louis


Most theories about instability are based on anatomo-pathologic data such as:
  • The posterior vertebral body wall theory (Decoulx and Rieunau 1958 [1]).

  • The posterior ligamentous complex theory (Holdsworth 1963 [3]).

  • The middle segment theory (Roy-Camille 1979 [9]).

  • The three-column spine concept (Denis 1983 [2]).


Cervical Spine Vertebral Body Intervertebral Disc Motion Segment Vertical Column 
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  1. 1.
    Decoulx P, Rieunau G (1958–1959) Rapport à la 23° Réunion Annuelle de la Société Nationale Française de chirurgie Traumatologique. Rev Chir Orthop 44: 244, 45: 237Google Scholar
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    Denis F (1983) The three-column spine and its significance in the classification of acute thoracolumbar spine injuries. Spine 8: 817PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Holdsworth FW (1963) Fractures, dislocations and fracture-dislocations of the spine. J Bone Joint Surg 45 B: 6Google Scholar
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    Louis R (1982) Chirurgie du rachis. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York TokyoGoogle Scholar
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    Nicoll EA (1949) Fractures of the dorso-lumbar spine. J Bone Joint Surg 31 B: 376Google Scholar
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    Roy-Camille R (1979) Rachis cervical traumatique non neurologique. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar
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    White A, Panjabi M (1978) Clinical biomechanics of the spine. JB Lippincott Company, Philadelphia, USAGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Louis
    • 1
  1. 1.MarseilleFrance

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