Chronic Atlanto-axial Instability in the Down Syndrome

  • St. W. Burke
  • H. Graeme French
  • Th. S. WhitecloudIII
  • J. Ollie EdmundsJr.


The atlanto-axial segments of the cervical spine in children with the Down Syndrome have a predilection for the development of localized anomalies which are of particular interest, because of the danger of atlanto-axial dislocation [4, 6, 7, 13, 18, 23, 27, 28, 31]. All previous studies are limited by the fact that they are not longitudinal [17, 18, 26, 29]. They only describe the incidence of the abnormalities in the Down Syndrome in a population and do not attempt to study the natural history of either the anomalies or the C1–C2 instability.


Cervical Spine Down Syndrome Spinal Cord Compression Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Avulsion Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • St. W. Burke
    • 1
  • H. Graeme French
    • 1
  • Th. S. WhitecloudIII
    • 1
  • J. Ollie EdmundsJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.New OrleansUSA

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