Advertisement

Neutral Primary Beam Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Corrosion Phenomena on Glass Surfaces

  • T. Richter
  • G. H. Frischat
  • G. Borchardt
  • S. Scherrer
  • S. Weber
Conference paper
Part of the Mikrochimica Acta Supplementum book series (MIKROCHIMICA, volume 11)

Abstract

Current mathematical models of the glass corrosion process usually postulate that leach rates are determined by a simple interdiffusion process. Alkali ions of the glass are assumed to exchange with a hydrogen bearing species of the aqueous solution. However, until now no mathematical analysis was able to predict the development of concentration profiles in the surface layer for a number of different glass compositions and different experimental conditions. We believe that this lack is due to the inadequacy of the models to represent the actual processes taking place during aqueous corrosion. Some fundamental characteristics in the leaching process have never been adequately addressed in the current diffusion formulations for glass leaching. In particular, concomitant reactions such as phase separation1, internal hydrolysis2, condensation of silanol groups3, and exchange of network oxygen4 have often been neglected. Nevertheless, these reactions have been experimentally confirmed, especially for long-time corrosion. In the early stages, the reactions which accompany the ion exchange process may be different. In this paper, we investigate short-time leaching of a soda-lime glass in H2O and D2O.

Keywords

Negative Primary Bulk Glass Neutral Beam Leach Rate Secondary Electron Yield 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. Tomozawa and S. Capella, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 66, C-24-C-25 (1983).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. H. Doremus, J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 19, 137 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. Scholze, J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 52, 91 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. R. Baer, L. R. Pederson, and G. L. McVay, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A2 (2), 738 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. A. Lanford, K. Davis, P. Lamarche, T. Laursen, R. Groleau, and R. H. Doremus, J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 44, 249 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    I. S. T. Tsong, C. A. Houser, W. B. White, G. L. Power, and S. S. C. Tong, J. Non-Cryst. Sol. 38+39, 649 (1980).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. G. Pantano, Bull. Am. Ceram. Soc. 60, 1154 (1981).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Scholze and I. Bakardjiev, Glastechn. Ber. 50, 281 (1977).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. Weichert and K. Schônert, J. Mech. Phys. Solids 26, 151 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    F.-M. Devienne and J.-C. Roustan, C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris, t. 276, Série C, 923 (1973).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Scherrer and F. Naudin, Proc. XI. Int. Glass Congress, Prague 1977, 3, 301 (1977).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Borchardt, H. Scherrer, S. Weber, and S. Scherrer, Int. J. Mass. Spectrom. Ion Phys. 34, 361 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. Borchardt, S. Scherrer, and S. Weber, Mikrochim. Acta [Wien] 1981 II, 421.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    H. W. Werner and A. E. Morgan, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 1232 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. W. Werner and N. Warmoltz, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A2, 726 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. G. Gossink,H. A. M. de Grefte, and H. W. Werner, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 62, 4 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Richter
    • 1
  • G. H. Frischat
    • 1
  • G. Borchardt
    • 2
  • S. Scherrer
    • 3
  • S. Weber
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Nichtmetallische WerkstoffeTechnische Universität ClausthalClausthal-ZellerfeldFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für Allgemeine MetallurgieTechnische Universität ClausthalClausthal-ZellerfeldFederal Republic of Germany
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Physique du Solide (L.A. 155)E. N. S. M. I. M.NancyFrance

Personalised recommendations