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Nucleon-Nucleon Interaction Below 1 GeV

  • I. Slaus
Conference paper
Part of the Acta Physica Austriaca book series (FEWBODY, volume 27/1985)

Abstract

In 1935 Yukawa described [1] the nuclear force as an exchange of mesons between nucleons. Since the discovery of the pion in 1947 and its identification as a Yukawa particle, the structure of nucleons, the form of the interaction, and the electromagnetic and weak phenomena in nuclei have all been related to meson degrees-of-free-dom [2]. The picture [3] of the nucleon was of an “inside” (several tenth of fm) with states of baryon-antibaryon pairs and many mesons and an “outside” composed of a cloud of virtual pions. The meson theory has been developed in analogy to quantum electrodynamics. Though the strong coupling between hadrons made impossible any calculation at short distances, the meson theory can provide a quantitative account of phenomena dominated by the process of one-pion exchange (OPE) and thus a significant step was made by formulating a strategy [4] of first understanding OPE, then the region of the exchanges of two pions (TPE) and of pionic resonances (one-boson exchange — OBE). The long range and most of the intermediate range of nucleon-nucleon (NN) force are explained in terms of OPE and TPE (and/or OBE). The lack of understanding of short-range phenomena was hidden behind the veil of the repulsive effects of ρ and ω mesons exchanges. Low-energy deuteron photodisintegration data provide evidence that this picture of the NN force is not valid for distances shorter than 1.5 fm. Fig.1 shows that standard NN force models cannot fit the data, but that additional nonnucleonic states at r ≲ 1.6 fm are necessary [5].

Keywords

Differential Cross Section Nuclear Force Tensor Force Deuteron Wave Function Analyze Power Correlation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Slaus
    • 1
  1. 1.Rudjer Boŝković InstituteZagrebCroatia, Yugoslavia

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