Venous Valves pp 161-165 | Cite as

Methods and Results

  • Rainer Gottlob
  • Robert May


In recent years various methods of correcting incompetent venous valves by surgical therapy have been developed. For such purposes direct radiologic visualization of venous valves is required. By ascending phlebography, the valvular sinus is clearly visualized. The diagnostic accuracy is enhanced by retrograde straining phlebography.


Contrast Medium Femoral Vein Saphenous Vein Popliteal Vein Superficial Vein 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wein 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rainer Gottlob
    • 1
    • 2
  • Robert May
    • 3
  1. 1.First Surgical University Clinic of ViennaAustria
  2. 2.WienAustria
  3. 3.InnsbruckAustria

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