In chapter 2 we described the four most popular types of the many different stereotactic apparatus which have been developed: i.e. the instruments of Talairach, Riechert-Mundinger, Leksell and Todd-Wells. These instruments in their original construction are only suited to perform conventional stereotactic surgery, i.e. with the aid of standard X-ray equipment, such as is used in angiography and ventriculography. The break-through in radiologic imaging with computerized scanning techniques (CT, NMR, and PET scanning) has made visuahzation of normal as well as pathological anatomy of the brain feasible and has given the impetus to the development of new stereotactic instrumentation.
KeywordsStereotactic Frame Stereotactic Surgery Interstitial Irradiation Modern Instrumentation Stereotactic Space
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