Vocal Tract Surgery for Resonance Change (Excluding Hypopharynx and Larynx)
It is a very well known fact that the fundamental sounds created by the vocal folds are modified in a positive or negative way by those anatomical structures which are adjacent to or distant from the larynx. In this respect, one may list virtually every structure in the upper respiratory and upper digestive systems from the hypopharynx to the nasal fossae as demonstrating an influence upon voice.
KeywordsParanasal Sinus Soft Palate Nasal Bone Lateral Cartilage Nasal Fossa
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