Vocal Tract Surgery for Resonance Change (Excluding Hypopharynx and Larynx)

  • Wilbur J. Gould
  • Van L. Lawrence
Part of the Disorders of Human Communication book series (DISORDERS, volume 8)


It is a very well known fact that the fundamental sounds created by the vocal folds are modified in a positive or negative way by those anatomical structures which are adjacent to or distant from the larynx. In this respect, one may list virtually every structure in the upper respiratory and upper digestive systems from the hypopharynx to the nasal fossae as demonstrating an influence upon voice.


Paranasal Sinus Soft Palate Nasal Bone Lateral Cartilage Nasal Fossa 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wilbur J. Gould
    • 1
  • Van L. Lawrence
    • 2
  1. 1.Vocal Dynamics LaboratoryLenox Hill HospitalNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.MacGregor Medical AssociationHoustonUSA

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