Phonosurgery: External Laryngeal Surgery Not Requiring Entry into the Vocal Tract

  • N. Isshiki
Part of the Disorders of Human Communication book series (DISORDERS, volume 8)


In the preceding sections, it has been shown how advancement in technology and increased sophistication in the use of and instrumentation for endoscopic procedures has opened the way for the performance of operations which previously had been restricted to an external approach. At times, however, the size, location, or even the nature of the condition precludes an endoscopic correction, and in such instances the surgeon is obliged to proceed via an external route.


Vocal Fold Thyroid Cartilage Cricoid Cartilage Superior Laryngeal Nerve Arytenoid Cartilage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1984

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  • N. Isshiki

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