Energy Demand in the Transport Sector

  • Bertrand Chateau
  • Bruno Lapillonne
Part of the Topics in Energy book series (TENE)


In the last thirty years, the transport sector has been characterized in all industrialized countries by three interdependent phenomena: the oil boom, the spread of car ownership and of road transport and a very rapid economic growth. This has, in general, resulted in a sustained increase of the energy consumption in the transport sector: between 1950 and 1975, this consumption doubled in the U.S.A. and in the U.K. and underwent an eight-fold increase in Japan; in most European countries, the increase was three-fold or greater.1 It is also worth noting the disparity in the growth rates of the energy consumption between the various countries. Per capita transport energy consumption presents, from this point of view, various aspects which deserve to be emphasized (Table 3.1):
  • firstly, per capita consumption was widely different in 1950, with a maximum range of 1 to 20 between Japan and the U.S.A., European countries having a per capita consumption approximately five times lower than that of North America;

  • in the 1950–78 period, one may observe a narrowing of the gap between the various countries, with the exception of the U.S.A.;

  • finally the energy consumption of the transport sector developed along very similar lines in all countries, though the timing was different, and regardless of their geographical dimensions (the comparison between Belgium, France and Japan is, from this point of view, most revealing); here also, the U.S.A. play a quite distinctive role.


Public Transport Transport Sector Road Transport Specific Energy Consumption Specific Consumption 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bertrand Chateau
    • 1
  • Bruno Lapillonne
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut Economique et Juridique de l’EnergieGrenobleFrance

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