Flow Injection Analysis and Its Future Development

  • Jaromir Ruzicka
Conference paper


A large number of analytical methods can be accommodated in a simple FIA system. FIA technique does not require a complete mixing of the sample and the reagent solutions or reaching of chemical equilibrium, and the reaction product does not even have to be stable in time. The controlled dispersion of the sample zone is the most important aspect of the techniques as its concept has led also to the design of automated FIA, stopped-flow FIA, merging zones FIA, extraction FIA as well as of an FIA scanning method.


Flow Injection Analysis Reagent Solution Sample Zone Narrow Tube Carrier Stream 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    F. Pregl, “Quantitative Organische Mikroanalyse”, 5. Aufl., Springer-Verlag, Wien 1947.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    F. Emich, “Mikrochemisches Praktikum”, Von J.F. Bergmann Verlag, München 1931.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. A. Benedetti-Pichler, “Introduction to the Microtechnique of In organic Analysis”, J. Wiley, New York 1942.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. Ruzicka and E.H. Hansen, Anal. Chim. Acta, 114 (1980) 19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Ruzicka and E.H. Hansen, “Flow Injection Analysis”, J. Wiley, New York 1981.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    E.H. Hansen and J. Ruzicka, J. Chem. Educ. 56 (1979) 677.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    W.J. Blaedel and G.P. Hicks, Anal. Chem. 34 (1962) 338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    G. Nagy, Zs. Feher and E. Pungor, Anal. Chim. Acta 52 (1970) 47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    V.V.S. Eswara-Dutt and H.M. Mottola, Anal. Chem. 47 (1975) 357.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    L. Skeggs, Am. J. Clin. Pathol., 28 (1957) 311.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L.R. Snyder and H.J. Adler, Anal. Chem., 48 (1976) 1022.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J.M. Reijn, W.E. van der Linden and H. Poppe, SAC 80 Meeting, Paper B 25, Lancaster 1980.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. Ruzicka, E.H. Hansen and H. Mosbaek, Anal. Chim. Acta, 92 (1977) 235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A.U. Ramsing, J. Ruzicka and E.H. Hansen, Anal. Chim. Acta (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jaromir Ruzicka
    • 1
  1. 1.Chemistry Department AThe Technical University of DenmarkLyngbyDenmark

Personalised recommendations