Advertisement

Microtrace Analysis of Natural Mineral Materials

  • Yuri A. Zolotov
Conference paper

Abstract

Microtrace analysis of geological samples, meteorites and lunar soil is considered. Particular features of these materials as objects of microtrace analysis are noted. The main methods for analysis of very small specimens are described including neutron and gamma activation, mass spectrometry, particularly spark source MS, as well as atomic absorption and fluorescence techniques. Examples of an application of the mentioned methods, for analysis of meteorites and samples from the Moon are given. Attention has been paid to the representativeness of small samples and standardization. Special techniques for local analysis of natural mineral materials are considered, for instance X-ray fluorescence microprobe and laser microspectrochemical analysis.

Keywords

Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis Standard Reference Material Lunar Soil Iron Meteorite Lunar Sample 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    R.D. Reeves and R.R. Brooks, Trace Element Analysis of Geological Materials, Wiley, New York, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Analytical Chemistry in the Exploration, Mining and Processing of Materials. Eds.A.Strasheim and T.W.Steele, Butterworths, London, 1978.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.K. Rusanov, Principles of Quantitative Spectrochemical Analysis of Ores and Minerals, 2nd ed., “Nedra”, Moscow, 1978 (Russian);Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    M. Pinta. Modern Methods for Trace Element Analysis. Ann Arbor Science Publishers, Ann Arbor, 1978.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    W. Schrän, Wiss.Z.Karl-Marx-Universitat, Leipzig, Math.-naturwiss. R., 28, No. 4, 433 (1979).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Reference Data on Methods for Determination of Chemical Composition of Rocks, Ores and Products of their Treatment. Comp. by G.A.Volkova and E.P.Osiko, “Nedra”, Moscow, 1979 (Russian).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.K. Lavrukhina, in: Progress in Analytical Chemistry, “Nauka”, Moscow, 1974, p.131 (Russian).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    E.M.Kolesnikov, A.Yu.Lyul and G.M.Ivanova, Astronomicheskii Vestnik, 11, 209 (1977).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E.M. Kolesnicov, A.Yu.Lyul and G.M.Ivanova, in: Cosmic Substance on the Earth (Problem of Tunguskii Meteorite), “Nauka”, Novosibirsk 1976, p. 87.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    G.M. Brown, J.G. Holland and A.Peckett, Nature, 242, 515 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Proceedings of Annual Lunar Sci. Conferences, Houston, Texas.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Earth and Planet Sci. Lett., 17, No. 1 (1972).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 37, No. 4 (1973).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Lunar Soil from Sea of Fertility, “Nauka”, Moscow, 1974 (Russian).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Regolith from the Highland Region of the Moon, “Nauka”, Moscow, 1979 (Russian).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Cosmochemistry of the Moon and Planets. Proc. of the Soviet-Amer. Conf. on Cosmochem. of the Moon and Planets, 4–8 June 1974, Moscow, “Nauka”, Moscow, 1975 (Russian).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Yu. I. Belyaev, Zh. Anal. Khim., 32, 188 (1977).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Yu. A. Zolotov, “Pravda” Newspaper, No. 249 (1976).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Yu. A. Zolotov, Essays on Analytical Chemistry, “Khimia”, Moscow, 1977 (Russian).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Yu. I. Belyaev, A.M. Pchelintsev, N.F. Zvereva and B.I. Kostin, Zh. Anal. Chim., 26, 492 (1971).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    A.M. Pchelintsev, Yu. I. Belyaev, A.V. Karyakin and T.A. Koveshnikova, Zh. Anal. Chim., 26, 1355 (1971).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Yu. I. Belyaev and T.A. Koveshnikova, in: ref. 14, p. 335.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Yu. I. Belyaev and T.A. Koveshnikova, in: ref. 15, p. 468.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Yu. I. Belyaev, V.I. Shcherbakov and L.A. Makarova, Zh. Anal-Khim., 31, 230 (1976).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Yu. I. Belyaev and L.M. Khitrov, Zh. Anal. Khim., 18, 310 (1963).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    C.O. Ingamells and P. Switzer, Talanta, 20, 547 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    A.D. Wilson, Analyst, 89, 18 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    O.G. Koch, Pure and Appl. Chem., 50, 1531 (1979).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    S.V. Lontsikh and A.K. Parshin, Zh. Anal. Khim., 34, 2446 (1979).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    G.H. Morrison, J. Radioanal. Chem., 18, 9 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    V.V. Sulin, in: Nuclear-physical Methods for Analysis of Materials, Atomizdat, Moscow, 1971, p.206 (Russian).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    D.I. Leipunskaya, S.I. Savostin and V.V. Sulin, Vestnik Akademii Nauk SSSR, No. 1, 44 (1972).Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    A.Yu. Lyul, Izv. Akad. Nauk Latv. SSR, No. 2, 14 (1972).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    G.M. Kolesov, J. Radioanal. Chem., 30, 553 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    G.M. Kolesov, Meteoritika, 35, 59 (1976).Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    P.B. Price and R.M. Walker, Nature, 196, No. 4856, 732 (1962).Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    R.L. Fleisher, P.B. Price, R.M. Walker, Annual Rev.Nucl.Sci., 15, 1 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    R.L. Fleisher, C.W. Nalser, P.B. Price, R.M. Walker and U.B. Marvin, Science, 148, 629 (1965).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    R.L. Fleisher, Rev. Scient. Instrum., 37, No. 12 (1966).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    R.L. Fleisher and P.B. Price, J. Geophys. Res., 69, 331 (1964).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    L.I. Genaeva, L.L. Kashkarov and A.K. Lavrukhina, Meteoritika, 28, 102 (1968).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    L.I. Genaeva, L.L. Kashkarov, A.K. Lavrukhina and L.V. Yukina, Meteoritika, 31, 137 (1972).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    L.L. Kashkarov and V.L. Koshkin, in: Low-Radioactivity Measurement and Applications, Proc. of Int. Conf. 6–10 Oct. 1975, The High Tatras, Czechoslovakia, Slov. Pedag. Nakladat., Bratislava, 1977, p. 341.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    G.M. Morrison and R.A. Nadkarni, J. Radioanal. Chem., 18, 153 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    A.O. Brunfeit and E. Steinnes, Talanta, 18, 1197 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Yu.A. Surkov and G.M. Kolesov, in: ref. 15, p. 345.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    G.M. Kolesov and Yu.A. Surkov, Radiochimiya, 21, 138 (1979).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Yu.A. Surkov, G.M. Kolesov, I.N. Ivanov and A.P. Shpanov, Kosmichesk. Issledovaniya, 16, 107 (1978).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    I.N. Ivanov, F.F. Kirnozov, G.M. Kolesov, B.N. Rivkin, Yu. A. Surkov and A.P. Shpanov, Radiatsionnaya Technika, No. 11, 215 (1978).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Yu.A. Surkov and G.M. Kolesov, Kosmichesk. Issledovaniya, 15, 261 (1977).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    R.A. Kuznetsov, V.B. Pankratov and B.G. Lure, Zh. Anal. Khim., 34, 1564 (1979).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 37, 869, 909, 927, 953, 963 (1973).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Proc. IV Lunar Sci. Conf., Houston, Texas, March 1973, 2, Chemical and Isotopes Analysis, 1973, p. 1127, 1209, 1275, 1297, 1349, 1379, 1399, 1415, 1427, 1445, 1461.Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    LSPET (The Lunar Samples Preliminary Examination Team), Science, 179, No. 4068, 23 (1973).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    J.F. Jaworski and G.H. Morrison, Anal. Chem., 47, 1173 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 56.
    Trace Analysis by Mass Spectrometry. Ed. by A.J. Ahearn, Academic Press, New York and London, 1972.Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    G.H. Morrison and A.T. Kashuba, Anal. Chem., 41, 1842 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    H. Hinterberger, Naturwissensch., 56, 262 (1969).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    G.H. Morrison, J.T. Gerard, A.T. Kashuba, E.V. Gangadharam, A.M.Rothen berg, N.M. Potter and G.B. Miller, Science, 167, 505 (1970). Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 2, 1383 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. 60.
    G.H. Morrison, Anal. Chem., 43, 22A (1971).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    P.F. Jackson, A. Strasheim, Analyst, 99, No. 1174, 26 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 62.
    H.J. Knab and H. Hinterberger, Anal. Chim., 52, 390 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 63.
    M.S. Chupakhin and Ä.L. Polyakov, Zh. Anal. Khim., 27, 523 (1972).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    G.I. Ramendik, M.S. Chupakhin, Yu.G. Tatsii and V.I. Derzhiev, Zh. Anal. Khim., 29, 238 (1974).Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    G.I. Ramendik, Zh. Anal. Khim., 32, 1990 (1977).Google Scholar
  66. 66.
    M.S. Chupakhin, O.I. Kryuchkova and G.I. Ramendik, Analytical Prossibilities of Spark Source Mass Spectrometry, Atomizdat, Moscow, 1972 (Russian).Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    G.I. Ramendik, Yu. G. Tatsii and M.S. Chupakhin, Zh. Anal-Khim., 28 736 (1973).Google Scholar
  68. 68.
    T.V. Babushkina, G.G. Sikharulidze and P.K. Nikolaev, Zh. Anal. Khim; 30, 172 (1972).Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    N.J. Hubbard, G.I. Ramendik, S.I. Gronskaya, I.Ya. Gubina and V.N. Gushchii Geochimiya, No. 6, 803 (1975).Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    M.S. Chupakhin, G.I. Ramendik and O.I. Kryuchkova, Zh. Anal-Khim. 24, 965 (1969).Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    M.S. Chupakhin, Kazakov I.A. and O.I.Kryuchkova, Zh.Anal.Khim., 24, 165 (1Google Scholar
  72. 72.
    F. Konishi, Int.J.Mass-Spectrom. Ion Phys., 9, 33 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Yu.A. Zolotov, N.V. Shakhova, O.I. Kryuchkova, S.I. Gronskaya, B.Ya. Spivak G.I. Ramendik and V.N. Gushchin, Zh. Anal. Khim., 33, 1253 (1978).Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    O.M. Petrukhin, Yu.A. Zolotov, V.N. Shevchenko, O.I. Kryuchkova, S.I. Gronskaya Gushchin, G.I. Ramendik, V.V. Dunina and E.G. Rukhadze, Zh.Anal.Khim., 34, 33Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    G.I. Ramendik and A.E. Lisitsin, Geokhimiya, No. 4, 566 (1979).Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    A.P. Vinogradov and I.K. Zadorozhnii, in: ref. 15, p. 547.Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Yu.I. Stacheev and S.A. Stacheeva, Zavodsk. Labor., 42, 144 (1976).Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Yu.I. Stacheev, A.K. Lavruchina and S.A. Stacheeva, Geokhimiya, No. 9, 1390 (1975).Google Scholar
  79. 79.
    G. Tölg, Talanta, 19, 1489 (1972); 21, 327 (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 80.
    G. Tölg, Naturwissensch., 63, 99 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    G. Tölg, Pure and Appl. Chem., 44, 645 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    G. Tölg, in: Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry, Vol. III, Eds.C.L. Wilson and D.W. Wilson, Elsevier, Amsterdam-London-New York, 1975.Google Scholar
  83. 83.
    G. Tölg, Z. Anal. Chem., 283, 257 (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    G. Tölg, in: Spurenelemente — Analytik, Umsatz, Bedarf, Mangel und Toxikologie. Symposium in Bad Kissingen 1977. Georg Thieme Verlag, Stuttgart, 1979, S.1.Google Scholar
  85. 85.
    Yu. A. Zolotov, Pure and Appl. Chem., 50, 129 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Yu. A. Zolotov, Analyst, 103, 56 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 87.
    Yu. A. Zolotov, Zh. Anal. Khim., 32, 2085 (1977).Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Yu. Auffarth and D. Klockow, Anal. Chim. Acta, III, 89 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    I.P. Alimarin and M.N. Petrikova, Qualitative and Quantitative Ultra micro Chemical Analysis, “Khimia”, Moscow, 1974 (Russian).Google Scholar
  90. 90.
    Physical Aspects of Electron Microscopy and Microbeam Analysis. Eds. B.M. Siegel and D.R. Beaman, Wiley, New York, 1975.Google Scholar
  91. 91.
    Practical Scanning Electron Microscopy. Electron and Ion Microprobe Analysis. Eds.J.I.Goldstein and H. Yakowitz, Plenum Press, New York, 1975.Google Scholar
  92. 92.
    S.J.B. Reed, Electron Microprobe Analysis, Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge a.o., 1975.Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    I.B. Borovskii, F.F. Vodovatov, A.A. Zhukov and V.T. Cherepin, Lokal Methods for Analysis of Materials, “Metallurgiya”, Moscow, 1973 (Russian).Google Scholar
  94. 94.
    L.N. Kolomeitseva and N.P. Il’in, Geokhimiya, No. 4, 521 (1978).Google Scholar
  95. 95.
    A.P. Vinogradov, N.P. Il’in and L.N. Kolomeitzeva, in ref. 16, p. 97Google Scholar
  96. 96.
    J.I. Goldstein, J. Geophys. Res., 72, 4689 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    N.P. I1’in and F.I. Bochkaev, in: Progress in Analytical Chemistry, “Nauka”, Moscow, 1974, p. 74.Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    G.H. Morrison and G. Slodzian. Anal. Chem., 47, 932A (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    V.T. Cherepin and M.A. Vasil’ev, Secondary Ion Emission of Metals and Alloys, “Naukova Dumka”, Kiev, 1975.(Russian).Google Scholar
  100. 100.
    F.P. Viehböck, Mikrochim. Acta, Suppl. No. 5, 385 (1974).Google Scholar
  101. 101.
    C.A. Evans, in: Proc. III, Int. School on Cristal Growth, New Hampshire, USA, 1977, p.1–51. Anal. Chem., 47, 818A, 855A (1975).Google Scholar
  102. 102.
    M.K. Pavicevic and J.R. Hinthorne, in: 6 Jugosl. Kongr. za cistu i primi jen. hem., Sarajevo, 1979. Sinop., Sarajevo, 1979, p. 185.Google Scholar
  103. H. Moenke and L. Moenke, Laser Microspectrochemical Analysis, Adam Hilger Lt., London, 1973.Google Scholar
  104. 104.
    N.V. Korolev, V.V. Ryukhin and S.A. Gorbunov, Emission Spectral Micro analysis, “Mashinostroenie”, Moscow, 1971 (Russian).Google Scholar
  105. 105.
    Laser Local Spectrochemical Analysis of Minerals. Compilers: M.V. Bobrova, V.M. Paikova and N.G. Suslova, Alma-Ata, 1975 (Russian).Google Scholar
  106. 106.
    L. Moenke-Blankenburg, H. Moenke et al. lenscoe obozrenie. No. 3, 107, (1975).Google Scholar
  107. 107.
    S. Hofmann, Talanta, 26, 665 (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. 108.
    Quantitative Surface Analysis of Materials. Spec. Techn. Publ. 643, Ed. N.S. McIntyre, 1978.Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    H.A. Laitinen, Anal. Chem., 50, 545 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuri A. Zolotov
    • 1
  1. 1.V. I. Vernadsky Institute of Geochemistry and Analytical ChemistryUSSR Academy of SciencesMoscowUSSR

Personalised recommendations