Pathology and Disease
With the notable exception of the agent of Molluscum contagiosum (MC), which fails to replicate in any in vitro system of primate and nonprimate mammalian cells so far tested, the poxviruses of warm blooded vertebrates generally cross species barriers, infecting a broad spectrum of avian and mammalian cell cultures (Fenner et al., 1974; Cho and Wenner, 1973). It is not surprising, therefore, to find that several mammals, including rabbits, mice and the African rodent Mastomys natalensis, are infectible with monkeypox virus (Marennikova and Seluhina, 1976; Kitamura and Ogata, 1979). Accidental infections of man and animals in zoological gardens, including cheetahs (Acinonyx jubatus) and other carnivores of the family Felidae and elephants with cowpox or cowpox-like agent(s) (Baxbyet al., 1979; Marennikova et al., 1977; Baxby and Ghaboosi, 1977), and of rhinoceroses with fowlpox virus (Mayr and Mahnel, 1970), have been documented recently.
KeywordsVaccinia Virus Molluscum Contagiosum Myxoma Virus Fowlpox Virus Molluscum Contagiosum Virus
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