The Relevance of Preliminary Denervation in Muscle Transplantation

  • D. Benatar
  • J. Terzis
  • B. Williams


It has long been recognized that the transfer of autogenous skeletal muscle has been associated with an inability to obtain complete functional recovery (Neuhof, 1923; Peer, 1955). Its ability to survive as an anatomical entity has been observed for a long time. More recent investigations using electrophysiological recordings have shown that the capacity of a transferred muscle to perform useful work is significantly impaired, Terzis (1978). Striated muscle survival and function following its transfer depends on our ability to maintain both adequate vascularization and innervation, to respect its original tension and to induce a “Plastic State” prior to transplantation (Hakelius, 1974–1975 a, b; Thompson, 1971 a, b, c).


Muscle Force Facial Paralysis Denervated Muscle Free Graft Muscle Graft 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Benatar
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. Terzis
    • 1
  • B. Williams
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgeryMcGill UniversityQuebecCanada
  2. 2.The Sir Mortimer B. Davis Jewish General HospitalMontrealCanada

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