Skeletal Muscle Transplantation in Cats With and Without Nerve Repair
The regeneration of skeletal muscle fibers following free, whole muscle auto-transplantation has been well documented in rats (Carlson and Gutmann, 1975a und b). Neither vascular nor nerve repair was made, so revascularization and reinnervation occurred spontaneously or not at all. The time course of regeneration and the degree to which control values are restored have been described (Carlson et al., 1979). A limited number of studies have focused on the regeneration of skeletal muscle fibers following transplantation of skeletal muscles in larger species. Successful transplantations have been reported in cats (Hakelius et al., 1975; Faulkner et al., 1976; Maxwell et al., 1978; Faulkner et al., 1980) and monkeys (Markley et al., 1978; Markley and Faulkner, 1980; Maxwell et al., 1979). In dogs, Thompson (1971) has reported successful grafts whereas Lavine and Cochran (1976) and Watson and Muir (1976) described unsuccessful transplantations.
KeywordsExtensor Digitorum Longus Skeletal Muscle Fiber Nerve Repair Facial Paralysis Tetanic Tension
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Carlson, B. M., Hansen-Smith, F. M., Magon, D. K.: The life history of a free muscle graft, in: Muscle Regeneration (Mauro, A., et al., eds.), p. 501. New York: Raven Press. 1979.Google Scholar
- Carlson, B. M., Hnik, P., Tucek, S., Vejsada, R., Bader, D. M., Faulkner, J. A.: Improvement of size and strength of rat muscle grafts possessing an intact nerve. (Submitted for publication, 1980.)Google Scholar
- Faulkner, J. A., Maxwell, L. C., White, T. P., Niemeyer, J. H.: Characteristics of autografted mammalian skeletal muscles, in: Muscle Regeneration (Mauro, A., et al, eds.), p. 493. New York: Raven Press. 1979.Google Scholar
- Hakelius, L.: Free autogenous muscle transplantation in two cases of total anal incontinence. Acta Chir. Scand. 141, 69–75 (1974b).Google Scholar
- Hakelius, L., Nystrom, B., Stalberg, E.: Histochemical and neurophysiological studies of autotransplanted cat muscle. Scand. J. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 9, 11–27 (1975).Google Scholar
- Markley, J. M. jr, Faulkner, J. A.: Transplanted skeletal muscle regeneration in primates with clinical correlation. New York: Raven Press. In Press (1980).Google Scholar
- Maxwell, L. C., White, T. P., Faulkner, J. A.: Oxidative capacity, blood flow, and capillarity of skeletal muscles. J. Appl. Physiol.: Respirât. Environ. Exercise Physiol. 49, 627–633 (1980).Google Scholar
- Tucek, S.: Acetylcholine in Neurons. London: Chapman and Hall. 1978.Google Scholar
- White, T. P., Sosin, D. M., Maxwell, L. C., Faulkner, J. A.: Capillarity and blood flow of transplanted muscles in cats. Am. J. Physiol.: Heart and Circ. (Accepted with revision for publication, September 1980.)Google Scholar