Negative Experiences With Free Muscle Grafts to the Cheek in Patients With Facial Paralysis

  • J.-P. A. Nicolai
  • P. H. Robinson


To reanimate paralyzed elevators of the corner of the mouth with free muscle grafts several variations are possible. Over the past 100 years many operations for correction of facial paralysis have been described (Nicolai, 1979), and in the past ten years free grafting of skeletal muscle has been developed.


Facial Nerve Facial Paralysis Deep Peroneal Nerve Muscle Graft Muscle Transposition 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.-P. A. Nicolai
    • 1
    • 2
  • P. H. Robinson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Plastic SurgerySt. Radboud University HospitalNijmegenThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Plastic SurgeryUniversity HospitalGroningenThe Netherlands

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