Pattern Formation in Acetabularia

  • H. G. Schweiger
  • Sigrid Berger
Part of the Cell Biology Monographs book series (CELLBIOL, volume 8)


The differing morphologies of the innumerable organisms of the world provide a basis to distinguish and classify them. There are higher multicellular or relatively simple unicellular organisms and even subcellular structures. That almost all the different organisms can indeed be distinguished requires that their shape as such, or the individual structural elements into which the organisms can be dissected, deviate to a great extent from basic geometric structures. Such basic structures are, for example, spheres, ellipsoids, or round columns with hemispheres attached to both ends.


Pattern Formation Cytoplasmic Streaming Secondary Nucleus Chloroplast Type Hair Whorl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bentrup, F. W., 1977: Electrical events during apex regeneration in Acetabularia mediterranea. In: Progress in Acetabularia research (Woodcock, C. L. F., ed.), pp. 249–254. New York-London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  2. Berger, S., Sandakhchiev, L., Schweiger, H. G., 1974: Fine structural and biochemical markers of Dasycladaceae. J. Microsc. (Paris) 19, 89–104.Google Scholar
  3. — Herth, W., Franke, W. W., Falk, H., Spring, H., Schweiger, H. G., 1975: Morphology of the nucleocytoplasmic interactions during the development of Acetabularia cells. II. The generative phase. Protoplasma 84, 223–256.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boloukhere-Presburg, M., 1969: Ultrastructure de l’algue Acetabularia mediterranea au cours du cycle biologique et dans differentes conditions experimentales. Thesis, Universite Libre de Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  5. Boloukhere, M., 1972: Differenciation spatiale et temporelle des chloroplastes d’Acetabularia mediterranea. J. Microsc. (Paris) 13, 401–416.Google Scholar
  6. Broda, H., Schweiger, G., Koop, H.-U., Schmid, R., Schweiger, H. G., 1979: Chloroplast migration: a method for continuously monitoring a circadian rhythm in a single cell of Acetabularia. In: Developmental biology of Acetabularia (Bonotto, S., Kefeli, V., Puiseux-Dao, S., eds.), pp. 163–167. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  7. Dujardin, E., Bonotto, S., Sironval, C., 1977: Plastidial heterogeneity during the developmental cycle of Acetabularia mediterranea. In: Progress in Acetabularia research (Woodcock, C. L. F., ed.), pp. 219–225. New York-London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  8. Gradmann, D., 1976: “Metabolie” action potentials in Acetabularia. J. Membr. Biol. 29, 23–45.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Harrison, L. G., Lacalli, T. C., 1978: Hyperchirality: a mathematically convenient and biochemically possible model for the kinetics of morphogenesis. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 202, 361–397.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. —Snell, J., Verdi, R., Zeiss, G. D., Green, B. R., Lacalli, T. C., 1980: Hair morphogenesis in Acetabularia. J. Cell Biol. 22, 459.Google Scholar
  11. Hämmerling, J., 1931: Entwicklung und Formbildungsvermögen von Acetabularia mediterranea. I. Die normale Entwicklung. Biol. Zentralbl. 51, 633–647.Google Scholar
  12. —., 1934 a: Über die Geschlechtsverhältnisse von Acetabularia mediterranea und Acetabularia wettsteinii. Arch. Protistenkd. 83, 57–97.Google Scholar
  13. —, 1934 b: Über formbildende Substanzen bei Acetabularia mediterranea, ihre räumliche und zeitliche Verteilung und ihre Herkunft. Arch. Entwicklungsmedi. Org. (Wilhelm Roux) 131, 1–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. — 1936: Studien zum Polaritätsproblem I-III. Zool. Jahrb. Abt. Allg. Zool. Physiol. Tiere 56, 439–486.Google Scholar
  15. — 1944: Zur Lebensweise, Fortpflanzung und Entwicklung verschiedener Dasycladaceen. Arch. Protistenkd. 97, 7–56.Google Scholar
  16. — 1955: Neuere Versuche über Polarität und Differenzierung bei Acetabularia. Biol. Zentralbl. 74, 545–554.Google Scholar
  17. Hoursiangou-Neubrun, D., Puiseux-Dao, S., 1974: Modifications du gradient apicobasal de la population plastidale chez I’Acetabularia mediterranea. Plant Sci. Lett. 2, 209–219.Google Scholar
  18. — Dubacq, J. P., Puiseux-Dao, S., 1977: Heterogeneity of the plastid population and chloroplast differentiation in Acetabularia mediterranea. In: Progress in Acetabularia research (WOODCOCK, C. L. F., ed.), pp. 175–194. New York-London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kloppstech, K., Schweiger, H. G., 1975: 80 S ribosomes in Acetabularia major. Distribution and transportation within the cell. Protoplasma 83, 27–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Koop, H.-U., Kiermayer, O., 1980: Protoplasmic Streaming in the giant unicellular green alga Acetabularia mediterranea. I. Formation of intracellular transport systems in the course of cell differentiation. Protoplasma 102, 147–166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. — Kiermayer, O., Schmid, R., Heunert, H. H., Milthaler, B., 1978: Chloroplast migration: a new circadian rhythm in Acetabularia. Protoplasma 97, 301–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Liddle, L., Berger, S., Schweiger, H. G., 1976: Ultrastructure during development of the nucleus of Batopbora oerstedii (Chlorophyta; Dasycladaceae). J. Phycol. 12, 261–272.Google Scholar
  23. Lüttke, A., Rahmsdorf, U., Schmid, R., 1976: Heterogeneity in chloroplasts of siphonacious algae as compared with higher plant chloroplasts. Z. Naturforsch. 31c, 108–110.Google Scholar
  24. Novak, B., Bentrup, F. W., 1972: An electrophysiological study of regeneration in Acetabularia mediterranea. Planta (Berl.) 108, 227–244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. — Bentrup, F. W., Sironval, C., 1975: Inhibition of regeneration of Acetabularia mediterranea enucleated posterior stalk segments by electrical isolation. Plant Sci. Lett. 5, 183–188.Google Scholar
  26. Puiseux-Dao, S., Dazy, A. C., 1970: Plastid structure and the evolution of plastids in Acetabularia. In: Biology of Acetabularia (Brächet, J., Bonotto, S., eds.), pp. 111–122. New York-London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  27. Schulze, K. L., 1939: Cytologische Untersuchungen an Acetabularia mediterranea und Acetabularia wettsteinii. Arch. Protistenkd. 92, 179–223.Google Scholar
  28. Schweiger, H. G., Berger, S., 1975: Acetabularia haemmerlingi, a new species. Nova Hedwigia 26, 33–43.Google Scholar
  29. — Berger, S., 1979: Nucleocytoplasmic interrelationships in Acetabulari and some other Dasyclada- ccao. Int. Rev. Cytol. Suppl. 9, 11–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. — Dehm, P., Berger, S., 1977: Culture conditions for Acetabularia. In: Progress in Acetabularia researdi (Woodcock, C. L. F., ed.), pp. 319–330. New York-London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  31. Solms-Laubach, H. Graf ZU, 1895: I. Monograph of the Acetabularieae. Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 2nd Ser. Bot. 5, 1–39.Google Scholar
  32. Turing, A. M., 1952: The chemical basis of morphogenesis. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 237, 37–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tyson, J., Kauffman, S., 1975: Control of mitosis by a continuous biochemical oscillation: synchronization, spatially inhomogeneous oscillations. J. Math. Biol. 1, 289–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Valet, G., 1969: Contribution a l’etude des Dasycladales 2 et 3. Nova Hedwigia 17, 551–644.Google Scholar
  35. Vanden Driessche, TH., 1974: Circadian rhythm in the Hill reaction of Acetabularia. IN: Proceedings of the third international congress on photosynthesis (AVRON, M., ed.), pp. 745–751. Amsterdam: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  36. — Dujardin, E., Magnusson, A., Sironval, C., 1976: Acetabularia mediterranea: circadian rhythms of photosynthesis and associated changes in molecular structure of the thylakoid membranes. Int. J. Chronobiol. 4, 111–124.Google Scholar
  37. Werz, G., 1970: Cytoplasmic control of cell wall formation in Acetabularia. Curr. Top. Microbiol. Immunol. 51, 27–62.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Woodcock, C. L. F., Miller, G. J., 1973: Ultrastructural features of the life cycle of Acetabularia mediterranea. II. Events associated with the division of the primary nucleus and the formation of cysts. Protoplasma 77, 331–341.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. G. Schweiger
    • 1
  • Sigrid Berger
    • 1
  1. 1.Max Planck Institute for Cell BiologyLadenburg near HeidelbergFederal Republic of Germany

Personalised recommendations