Advertisement

Microtubules and Cytomorphogenesis in a Developing Organ: The Root Primordium of Azolla pinnata

  • B. E. S. Gunning
Part of the Cell Biology Monographs book series (CELLBIOL, volume 8)

Abstract

It is a major theme of this book that cytomorphogenetic events participate in all aspects of growth and development. No cell can grow, change shape, assume or maintain or alter a State of polarity, differentiate, or divide without concomitant control and adjustment of its cytoskeleton. Such events occur in sequence during the life of an individual cell, and, in multicellular tissues and organs, are co-ordinated so that the population of cells develops harmoniously and produces a defined overall organization.

Keywords

Root Hair Apical Cell Cell Plate Cortical Microtubule Microtubule Array 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brown, D. L., Bouck, G. B., 1973: Microtubule biogenesis and cell shape in Ochromonas. II. The role of nucleating sites in shape development. J. Cell Biol. 56, 360–378.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Busby, C. H., Gunning, B. E. S., 1980: Observations on pre-prophase bands of microtubules in uniseriate hairs, stomatal complexes of sugar cane, and Cyperus root meristems. Europ. J. Cell. Biol. 21, 214–223.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Charlton, W. A., 1977: Evaluation of sequence and rate of lateral root initiation in Pontederia cordata L. by means of colchicine inhibition of cell division. Bot. Gaz. 138, 71–79.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Coss, R. A., Pickett-Heaps, J. D., 1974: The effects of isopropyl N-phenyl-carbamate on the green alga Oedogonium cardiacum. I. Cell division. J. Cell Biol. 63, 84–98.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Foard, D. E., Haber, A. H., Fishman, T. N., 1965: Initiation of lateral root primordia without completion of mitosis and without cytokinesis in uniseriate pericycle. Amer. J. Bot. 52, 580–590.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Galatis, B., 1980: Microtubules and guard cell morphogenesis in Zea mays L. J. Cell Sci. 45, 211–244.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Galatis, B., Mitrakos, K., 1979: On the differential divisions and preprophase microtubule bands involved in the development of stomata of Vigna sinensis. J. Cell Sci. 37, 11–37.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. — — 1980: The ultrastructural cytology of the differentiating guard cells of Vigna sinensis. Amer. J. Bot. 67, 1243–1261.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Green, P. B., 1976: Growth and cell pattern formation on an axis: critique of concepts, terminology, and modes of study. Bot. Gaz. 137, 187–202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. — 1980: Organogenesis—a biophysical view. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 31, 51–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grimm, I., Sachs, H., Robinson, D. G., 1976: Structure, synthesis and orientation of microfibrils. II. The effects of colchicine on the wall of Oocystis solitaria. Cytobiologie 14, 61–74.Google Scholar
  12. Gunning, B. E. S., 1978: Age-related and origin-related control of the number of plasmo- desmata in cell walls of developing Azolla roots. Planta 143, 181–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. — 1979: Nature and development of microtubule arrays in cells of higher plants. In: Proc. 37th Ann. Meeting Electron Microscopy Soc. Amer. (Bailey, G. W., ed.), pp. 172–175. Baton Rouge: Claitor’s Pub. Div.Google Scholar
  14. — 1980: Spatial and temporal regulation of nucleating sites for arrays of cortical microtubules in root tip cells of the water fern Azolla pinnata. Europ. J. Cell Biol. 23, 53–65.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. — Hardham, A. R., 1979: Microtubules and morphogenesis in plants. Endeavour N.S. 3, 112–117.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. — — 1978 a: Pre-prophase bands of microtubules in all categories of formative and proliferative cell division in Azolla roots. Planta 143, 145–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. — — — 1978 b: Evidence for initiation of microtubules in discrete regions of the cell cortex in Azolla root-tip cells, and an hypothesis on the development of cortical arrays of microtubules. Planta 143, 161–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. — Hughes, J. E., Hardham, A. R., 1978: Formative and proliferative cell divisions, cell differentiation, and developmental changes in the meristem of Azolla roots. Planta 143, 121–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hardham, A. R., Green, P. B., Lang, J. M., 1980: Reorganization of cortical microtubules and cellulose deposition during leaf formation in Graptopetalum paraguayense. Planta 149, 181–195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. — Gunning, B. E. S., 1978: Structure of cortical microtubule arrays in plant cells. J. Cell Biol. 77, 14–34.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. — — 1979: Interpolation of microtubules into cortical arrays during cell elongation and differentiation in roots of Azolla pinnata. J. Cell Sci. 37, 411–442.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. — — 1980: Some effects of colchicine on microtubules and cell division in roots of Azolla pinnata. Protoplasma 102, 31–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Heidemann, S. R., Sander, G., Kirschner, M., 1977: Evidence for a functional role of RNA in centrioles. Cell 10, 337–350.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hepler, P. K., Palevitz, B. A., 1974: Microtubules and microfilaments. A. Rev. PI. Physiol. 25, 309–362.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Kirschner, M. W., 1980: Implications of treadmilling for the stability and polarity of actin and tubulin polymers in vivo. J. Cell Biol. 86, 330–334.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Lumpkin, T. A., Plucknett, D. L., 1980: Azolla: botany, physiology, and use as a green manure. Econ. Bot. 34, 111–153.Google Scholar
  27. Marchant, H. J., 1979: Microtubules, cell wall deposition and the determination of plant cell shape. Nature 278, 167–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Öta, T., 1961: The role of cytoplasm in cytokinesis of plant cells. Cytologia 26, 428–447.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Packard, M. J., Stack, S. M., 1976: The pre-prophase band: possible involvement in the formation of the cell wall. J. Cell Sci. 22, 403–411.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Palevitz, B. A., Hepler, P. K., 1974: The control of the plane of division during stomatal differentiation in Allium. I. Spindle reorientation. Chromosoma 46, 297–326.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Pickett-Heaps, J. D., 1974: Plant microtubules. In: Dynamic aspects of plant ultrastructure (Robards, A. W., ed.). London-New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  32. — 1975: Green algae. Sunderland, Mass.: Sinauer Assoc.Google Scholar
  33. — Northcote, D. H., 1966: Organization of microtubules and endoplasmic reticulum during mitosis and cytokinesis in wheat meristems. J. Cell Sci. 1, 109–120.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Schmiedel, G., Schnepf, E., 1979: Side branch formation and orientation in the caulonema of the moss, Funaria hygrometrica. Protoplasma 100, 367–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Schnepf, E., Deichgräber, G., 1979: Elongation growth of setae of Pellia (Bryophyta): fine structural analysis. Zeit. f. Pflanzenphysiol. 94, 283–297.Google Scholar
  36. Seagull, R. W., Heath, I. B., 1980: The Organisation of cortical microtubule arrays in the radish root hair. Protoplasma 103, 205–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Sinnott, E. W., Bloch, R., 1941: Division in vacuolate plant cells. Amer. J. Bot. 28, 225— 232.Google Scholar
  38. Stearns, M. E., Brown, D. L., 1979: Purification of cytoplasmic tubulin and microtubule organizing center proteins functioning in microtubule initiation from the alga Polytomella. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 76, 5745–5749.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Tippit, D. H., Pickett-Heaps, J. D., 1974: Experimental investigations into morphogenesis in Micrasterias. Protoplasma 81, 271–296.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tucker, J. B., 1979: Spatial Organisation of microtubules. In: Microtubules (Roberts, K., Hyams, J. S., eds.), pp. 315–357. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  41. Venverloo, C. J., Horenkamp, P. H., Weeda, A. J., Libbenga, K. R., 1980: Cell division in Nautilocalyx explants. 2. Pflanzenphys. 100, 161–174.Google Scholar
  42. Whatley, J. M., Gunning, B. E. S., 1981: Chloroplast development in Azolla roots. New Phytol. (in press).Google Scholar
  43. Withers, G. R. A., 1980: Microtubule distribution in the root tips of barley, wheat, oats and rye-grass. Ph.D. Thesis, Monash Universityxx.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. E. S. Gunning
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Developmental Biology, Research School of Biological SciencesAustralian National UniversityCanberra CityAustralia

Personalised recommendations