The overall climate of the Arabian Peninsula falls within C. W. Thornthwaite’s (1943, 1948) “arid province” and within W. Köppen’s (1900) “dry climates” (arid or desert), except for parts of North and South Yemen, the ’Asir province of Saudi Arabia, and northeastern Oman (Fig. 3), where the temperatures are lower, the rainfall is greater than in the remaining part of the peninsula, and where the vegetation consists of mountain forest and woodland.


Monthly Temperature Arabian Peninsula Monthly Relative Humidity Variable Wind Direction Gulf Coastal Station 
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© Springer-Verlag/Wien 1978

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  • E. Schyfsma

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